Regional Distribution of Congenital Heart Disease in Iran; A Study on 1000 Iranian Hospitalized Patients in Three Years

AUTHORS

Samira Kalayinia ORCID 1 , Mohammad Mahdavi 1 , Majid Maleki ORCID 1 , Saeideh Mazloumzadeh 2 , Bahareh Rabbani 1 , 3 , Nejat Mahdieh ORCID 1 , 3 , *

1 Cardiogenetic Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

2 Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

3 Growth and Development Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

How to Cite: Kalayinia S, Mahdavi M, Maleki M , Mazloumzadeh S, Rabbani B, et al. Regional Distribution of Congenital Heart Disease in Iran; A Study on 1000 Iranian Hospitalized Patients in Three Years, Int Cardio Res J. 2020 ; 14(4):e108858.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Cardiovascular Research Journal: 14 (4); e108858
Published Online: December 15, 2020
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 24, 2020
Accepted: October 27, 2020
READ FULL TEXT

Abstract

Background: Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) is a major health problem around the
world. Several maternal and fetal risk factors have been mentioned to be associated with
development of CHD. However, the epidemiological pattern is different in various parts
of the world. Thus, the present study aimed to demonstrate the descriptive characteristics
of a group of Iranian children with CHD.
Objectives: The present study aimed to determine the regional distribution of CHD
among 1000 Iranian hospitalized children during three years.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 1000 Iranian children with
CHD who were hospitalized in Rajaie Cardiovascular, Medical and Research Center,
as a tertiary cardiovascular hospital (2017 - 2019). The participants were selected via
convenience sampling. Clinical data were extracted from the patients’ medical records
and questionnaires and then, a comprehensive evaluation was performed.
Results: The median (IQR) age of the children was 18 (8 - 60) months. In addition, the
mean ± SD of maternal age at pregnancy was 27.3 ± 5.92 years. Ventricular Septal Defect
(VSD) was the most frequent CHD. Most of the patients were Fars (35.7%), Azeri (18.4%),
and Kurd (10.7%). Besides, 58.7% of the patients lived in rural areas. The family history
of CHD was present in 23.9% of the patients. Additionally, 41.4% of the patients’ parents
had consanguineous marriages. Spotting was the most common (48.7%) complication
during pregnancy followed by infectious disease (24.2%), toothache (12.9%), and diabetes
mellitus (7.8%).
Conclusions: The present study demonstrated the baseline neonatal and maternal
characteristics of the patients with CHD, which revealed that some risk factors were
common in these individuals. Hence, it is necessary to provide preventive strategies for
modifiable risk factors, monitor high-risk pregnant women at shorter intervals, raise
awareness in the general population, and perform genetic counselling, as appropriated.
This was the first report of the CHD frequency in Iran.

Fulltext

The full-text is available in pdf.

References

  • 1.

    The references are available in pdf.

  • © 2020, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.
    COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: