Acute Auditory Stimulation with Different Styles of Music Influences Cardiac Autonomic Regulation in Men


Sheila Ap. F. da Silva 1 , Heraldo L. Guida 1 , Ana Marcia dos Santos Antonio 2 , Luiz Carlos de Abreu 3 , Carlos B. M. Monteiro 3 , Celso Ferreira 4 , Vivian F. Ribeiro 4 , Viviani Barnabe 5 , Sidney B. Silva 3 , Fernando L. A. Fonseca 3 , Fernando Adami 3 , Marcio Petenusso 3 , Rodrigo D. Raimundo 3 , Vitor E. Valenti 1 , *

1 Center for the Study of Nervous System (CESNA), Department of Speech Therapy, Faculty of Sciences, UNESP, Marilia, SP, Brazil

2 Postgraduate Program in Physiotherapy, Faculty of Technology Sciences, UNESP, Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil

3 Department of Morphology and Physiology, Faculty of Medicine of ABC, Santo Andre, SP, Brazil

4 Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, UNIFESP, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil

5 Department of Environmental Health, Harvard Medical School of Public Health, Boston, MA, United States

How to Cite: da Silva S A F , Guida H L , dos Santos Antonio A M , de Abreu L C , Monteiro C B M , et al. Acute Auditory Stimulation with Different Styles of Music Influences Cardiac Autonomic Regulation in Men, Int Cardio Res J. 2017 ; 8(3):e11085.


International Cardiovascular Research Journal: 8 (3); e11085
Published Online: September 30, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 20, 2017
Accepted: May 24, 2014


Background: No clear evidence is available in the literature regarding the acute effect of different styles of music on cardiac autonomic control.

Objectives: The present study aimed to evaluate the acute effects of classical baroque and heavy metal musical auditory stimulation on Heart Rate Variability (HRV) in healthy men.

Patients and Methods: In this study, HRV was analyzed regarding time (SDNN, RMSSD, NN50, and pNN50) and frequency domain (LF, HF, and LF / HF) in 12 healthy men. HRV was recorded at seated rest for 10 minutes. Subsequently, the participants were exposed to classical baroque or heavy metal music for five minutes through an earphone at seated rest. After exposure to the first song, they remained at rest for five minutes and they were again exposed to classical baroque or heavy metal music. The music sequence was random for each individual. Standard statistical methods were used for calculation of means and standard deviations. Besides, ANOVA and Friedman test were used for parametric and non-parametric distributions, respectively.

Results: While listening to heavy metal music, SDNN was reduced compared to the baseline (P = 0.023). In addition, the LF index (ms2 and nu) was reduced during exposure to both heavy metal and classical baroque musical auditory stimulation compared to the control condition (P = 0.010 and P = 0.048, respectively). However, the HF index (ms2) was reduced only during auditory stimulation with music heavy metal (P = 0.01). The LF/HF ratio on the other hand decreased during auditory stimulation with classical baroque music (P = 0.019).

Conclusions: Acute auditory stimulation with the selected heavy metal musical auditory stimulation decreased the sympathetic and parasympathetic modulation on the heart, while exposure to a selected classical baroque music reduced sympathetic regulation on the heart.


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