Repair of Atrial Septal Defect via Right Submammary Minithoracotomy in Children


Hamid Bigdelian 1 , Mohsen Sedighi 2 , * , Faranak Movahedi 2

1 Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

2 Cardiac Surgery Department, Chamran Heart Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

How to Cite: Bigdelian H , Sedighi M, Movahedi F . Repair of Atrial Septal Defect via Right Submammary Minithoracotomy in Children, Int Cardio Res J. 2017 ; 9(1):e11666.


International Cardiovascular Research Journal: 9 (1); e11666
Published Online: March 01, 2015
Article Type: Brief Report
Received: April 18, 2017
Accepted: September 08, 2014


Background: Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) is one of the most common congenital heart diseases that may lead to pulmonary hypertension. Advantages of ASD closure by limited thoracotomy as a minimally invasive approach includes reduction of post-operative complications and improvement of post-operative recovery.

Objectives: The present study aimed to assess the safety of right submammary minithoracotomy for repair of ASD in children and to evaluate the cosmetic and functional results of this approach.

Patients and Methods: Between August 2010 and August 2013, 35 children underwent heart operations for ASD closure via right submammary thoracotomy. The standard anterolateral thoracotomy technique entailed a 4 - 5 cm right submammary incision. After establishment of cardiopulmonary bypass, the right atrium was opened and defect was closed by pericardial patch. The thoracotomy was closed in a routine fashion.

Results: The study patients included 5 males (14.29%) and 30 females (85.71%) whose age ranged from 1 to 7 years. Among the patients, 30 had ASD and 5 had a sinus venosus type. There were no intraoperative complications regarding exposure, cannulation, or bleeding. There were also no deaths in the post-operative period. Postoperative complications included significant hemorrhage from the suture line in one case and sick sinus syndrome requiring pacemaker implantation in another case. The mean length of stay in the intensive care unit was 2 days and the mean length of hospital stay was 4.5 days.

Conclusions: Our study findings indicated that use of right submammary thoracotomy technique to repair ASD could be accomplished safely and provided good short-term results in terms of cosmetics, especially in female patients.


The full text is available in PDF.


  • 1.

    The references are available in PDF.

  • © 2017, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.