The Prevalence and Associated Factors of Central obesity in Northern Iran

AUTHORS

Gholamreza Veghari 1 , * , M Sedaghat 2 , H Joshaghani 3 , A Hoseini 4 , F Niknajad 3 , A Angizeh 5 , E Tazik 4 , P Moharloei 4

1 Golestan Cardiovascular Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran

2 Deputy of Health, 3School of paramedical and Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran

3 School of paramedical and Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran

4 Deputy of Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran

5 Deputy of Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Andorra

How to Cite: Veghari G, Sedaghat M , Joshaghani H , Hoseini A , Niknajad F , et al. The Prevalence and Associated Factors of Central obesity in Northern Iran, Int Cardio Res J. 2010 ; 4(4):e60795.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Cardiovascular Research Journal: 4 (4); e60795
Published Online: December 01, 2010
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 20, 2017
Accepted: December 01, 2010
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Abstract

Background: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of central obesity and some related
factors in the north of Iran (Golestan province) in 2006.
Method: This was a population –based cross-sectional study that comprised 2471 subjects (1250 males and
1221 female), using stratified cluster sampling. Interviewers recorded the data using the multidimensional questionnaire
and anthropometric indexes. Waist circumference ≥102 and ≥88 cm categorized as central obesity for
men and women respectively. SPSS 16.0 software was used for statistical analysis.
Results: The mean and standard deviation of age was 39.2±14.28 years and waist circumference was 87.1±13.7
cm in men and 90.2±15.8 cm in women, respectively. In total, the prevalence of central obesity was 32.01% and
it was significantly higher in women (57.2%) than in men (15.8%), in urban area (40.5%) than in rural areas
(31.9%) and in uneducated people (52.3%) than in college educated people
(19.9) (P=0.001). Logistic regression analysis revealed that central obesity was significantly associated with
age, urbanization, parity and illiteracy (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Central obesity was the most serious health problem in the north of Iran and it was more prevalent
in women than men. Socio-demographic factors such as younger age (between 15-25 and 25-35 years),
urbanization, marital status and illiteracy were associated with central obesity. Further studies are necessary to
establish the association between central obesity and racial differences in this area.

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References

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