Prevalence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Military Personnel in Southern Iran


Seyed Taghi Heydari 1 , * , AR Khoshdel 1 , B Sabayan 2 , Firoozeh Abtahi 3 , Mahmood Zamirian 3 , S Sedaghat 2

1 AJA university of medical sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Health Policy Research Center, Iran

3 Cardiovascular Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Scinces, Shiraz, Iran

How to Cite: Heydari S T , Khoshdel A , Sabayan B , Abtahi F , Zamirian M, et al. Prevalence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Military Personnel in Southern Iran, Int Cardio Res J. 2010 ; 4(1):e67653.


International Cardiovascular Research Journal: 4 (1); e67653
Published Online: March 30, 2018
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 19, 2018
Accepted: March 31, 2010


Background: The incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is rapidly increasing at an alarming rate worldwide
and is currently considered as the leading cause of death in both developing and developed countries. The
aim of the present study is to determine the prevalence and clear analysis of cardiovascular risk factors among
army population and provide a guideline for improving the health status of army personnel.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study on the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among 341 male subjects
from a military population in southern Iran. Each eligible participant was evaluated in the military clinic
in Shiraz, Southern Iran. Information regarding demographic and life style were obtained from each subject.
Arterial blood pressure, weight, height, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and hip circumference
(HC), fasting blood glucose, lipid profile consisting of total cholesterol, LDL, HDL and triglyceride were
measured by standard methods.
Results: Mean age of the population under study was 35.1±7.5 years. Twenty-nine (8.8%) individuals were
hypertensive whereas 108 (32.9%) had blood pressure in the range of pre-hypertension. According to laboratory
investigations, 29 (8.5%) participants had glucose intolerance while 6 (1.8%) of them had diabetes mellitus.
On the other hand, prevalence of hypertriglyceridemia and hypercholesterolemia were 104 (30.5%) and 114
(33.4%) respectively. Twenty-eight (8.2%) subjects had criteria for metabolic syndrome.
Conclusions: Clinical and Para-clinical data indicated that army population in southern Iran had a low level of
CVD risk factors that may be related to their life styles.


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  • © 2010, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.