Development of the Persian Hypertension Self-Management Questionnaire


Fatemeh Keyghobadi Khajeh , Gholamreza Faridaalaee , Saeideh Ghaffarifar , Mohammad Pezeshki , Fatemeh Keyghobadi Khajeh ORCID 1 , Mohammad Pezeshki ORCID 2 , Saeideh Ghaffarifar ORCID 3 , * , Gholamreza Faridaalaee ORCID 4

1 Department of Community Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran

2 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Department of Community and Family Medicine, Tabriz Medical School, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran

3 Medical Education Research Center, Health Management and Safety Promotion Research Institute, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran

4 Department of Health, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences, Maragheh, IR Iran

How to Cite: Keyghobadi Khajeh F, Faridaalaee G, Ghaffarifar S , Pezeshki M, Keyghobadi Khajeh F, et al. Development of the Persian Hypertension Self-Management Questionnaire, Int Cardio Res J. 2019 ; 13(1):e83035.


International Cardiovascular Research Journal: 13 (1); e83035
Published Online: March 01, 2019
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 07, 2018
Accepted: January 23, 2019





Hypertension results in severe health problems and intensifies the risk of stroke, heart and kidney diseases, and death. Having a valid and reliable questionnaire for self-management of hypertension is very important.






This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Persian hypertension self-management questionnaire.






This psychometric exploratory research was conducted in Tabriz in 2017. In this exploratory research, the Persian version of diabetic patients’ self-management questionnaire, which had proper psychometric properties, was modified in order to assess hypertensive patients’ self-management. The face and content validity of the Persian hypertension self-management questionnaire was evaluated. Content Validity Ratio (CVR), Content Validity Index (CVI), and Impact Score (IS) of the questionnaire were calculated by participation of 49 hypertensive patients and 14 experts. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient and Intra-class Correlation Coefficient (ICC) were considered to assess the reliability of the questionnaire.






The questionnaire’s overall CVI, CVR, and IS were 0.82, 0.63, and 4.41, respectively. Additionally, the CVIs of all questions were over 0.62. Moreover, the internal consistency of the questionnaire was approved by Cronbach’s alpha = 0.882 and its ICC was 0.94.






The study findings revealed that the Persian hypertension self-management questionnaire had optimal psychometric properties. Hence, application of this questionnaire by physicians and health educators can be helpful in establishing evidence-based self-management support programs for hypertensive patients.




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