Knowledge and Attitude of Menopaused Women for Breast Cancer Screening: A Cross Sectional Study

AUTHORS

Vahid Kohpeima Jahromi ORCID 1 , Nader Sharifi 1 , *

1 Research Center for Social Determinants of Health, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran

How to Cite: Kohpeima Jahromi V, Sharifi N. Knowledge and Attitude of Menopaused Women for Breast Cancer Screening: A Cross Sectional Study, Jundishapur J Chronic Dis Care.2021 In Press(In Press): e113340. doi: 10.5812/jjcdc.113340.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jundishapur Journal of Chronic Disease Care: In Press (In Press); e113340
Published Online: June 05, 2021
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 28, 2021
Revised: April 14, 2021
Accepted: May 03, 2021
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Abstract

Background: Breast cancer, is major public health problem worldwide. Considering the high prevalence and mortality of breast cancer in postmenopausal women and given that the population of Iran is aging, this study was conducted to investigate the knowledge and attitude of postmenopausal women in Jahrom regarding breast cancer screening.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on postmenopausal women referred to the Honari Clinic In the city of Jahrom, Iran in 2019. To select the samples, 120 people were randomly selected from the women's files. Data collection tools were demographic information questionnaire and knowledge and attitude questionnaire on breast cancer screening behavior. After stating the objectives of the research for the participants and completing the consent form, the questionnaire was answered by them. Then the data were entered into SPSS 21 software and was tested by descriptive statistics, chi-square, Kruskal Wallis and one-way ANOVA tests. Descriptive statistics were used to examine demographic data.

Results: The level of knowledge of most people (49.2%) was moderate and the majority of people (94.2%) had a positive attitude. There was a significant association between the mean score of knowledge and attitude in postmenopausal women with source of information (P=0.004). Most sources of information came from radio and television, physician and health system staff and friends and relatives respectively. There is no significant association between the mean score of knowledge and attitude of postmenopausal women with breast related diseases and family history of breast cancer.

Conclusion: The mass media, especially radio and television, as well as physician and health system staff, play an important role in raising women's awareness to increase their participation in breast cancer screening programs.

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© 2021, Jundishapur Journal of Chronic Disease Care. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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