The Impacts of an Educational Program by Using Group Discussion on Perceived Stigma Among the Family Caregivers of People with Alzheimer ’s Disease; Non-randomized Controlled Trail

AUTHORS

Elham Navab ORCID 1 , Soroor Parvizy ORCID 2 , Fatemeh Hajibabaee 1 , Mahboobeh Alipour Chermahini 3 , * , Hamid Haghani ORCID 4

1 School of Nursing & Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Tehran, Iran

2 School of Nursing & Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences. Tehran, Iran

3 Nursing & Midwifery School, Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Tehran, Iran

4 Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Navab E , Parvizy S , Hajibabaee F, Alipour Chermahini M, Haghani H . The Impacts of an Educational Program by Using Group Discussion on Perceived Stigma Among the Family Caregivers of People with Alzheimer ’s Disease; Non-randomized Controlled Trail, Jundishapur J Chronic Dis Care.2021 In Press(In Press): e114147. doi: 10.5812/jjcdc.114147.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jundishapur Journal of Chronic Disease Care: In Press (In Press); e114147
Published Online: May 31, 2021
Article Type: Research Article
Received: March 06, 2021
Revised: April 24, 2021
Accepted: May 09, 2021
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Abstract

Background: given the negative implications of stigma for the mental health of the family and the importance of the family in giving care and continuance of treatment of Alzheimer’s patients, the phenomenon is considered a major issue and requires further investigations.

Objectives: The objective of the present study was to determine the impacts of an educational program by using group discussion on perceived stigma among family caregivers of people with Alzheimer’s disease.

Methods: This non-equivalent non-randomized controlled trail was made in 2015. A sample of 66 family caregivers of people with Alzheimer’s disease was recruited conveniently. The caregivers were non-randomly allocated to a control and an experimental group. Initially, the perceived stigma of all participants’ was measured by using the Stigma Impact Scale. Then, a five-session educational program by using group discussion was implemented over five weeks for the caregivers in the experimental group. The caregivers in the control group received no intervention. The level of caregivers’ perceived stress was reassessed both immediately and one month after the intervention.

Results: The difference between the groups in terms of pretest value of perceived stigma was not statistically significant (p = 0.146). However, immediately and one month after the study intervention, the mean score of perceived stigma in the experimental group was significantly lower than the control group (P < 0.05). The results of RM-ANOVA for the between-subject factor of group also showed that the intervention had significant effects on caregivers’ perceived stigma (p = 0.004).

Conclusions: The findings of the present study showed the noticeable effects of the educational program by using group discussion on the perceived stigma of family caregivers of people with Alzheimer’s disease. This finding can denote the importance of experience sharing in the psychological well-being of family caregivers. Through group discussion and experience sharing, caregivers learn the necessary skills for coping with their own problems. Given the effectiveness of the study intervention, educational interventions by using group discussion are recommended to reduce perceived stigma among family caregivers.

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© 2021, Jundishapur Journal of Chronic Disease Care. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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