The Relationship of Cervicovaginal Infections in Pap Smear Samples With Some Factors in Ahvaz, Iran; an Epidemiological Study


S. Makvandi 1 , * , Sh. Zargar Shoushtari 2

1 Department of Midwifery, Islamic Azad University Ahvaz Branch, Ahvaz, IR Iran

2 Department of Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran

How to Cite: Makvandi S, Zargar Shoushtari S. The Relationship of Cervicovaginal Infections in Pap Smear Samples With Some Factors in Ahvaz, Iran; an Epidemiological Study, Jundishapur J Chronic Dis Care. Online ahead of Print ; 1(1):32247.


Jundishapur Journal of Chronic Disease Care: 1 (1); 32247
Published Online: May 19, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 18, 2011
Accepted: September 12, 2011


Background: Cervicovaginal infections are the most common causes of refereeing to clinics and health centers.

Objectives: The primary aim of present study was to determine the prevalence of genital infections in Pap smear specimens and its relationship with variables such as age and contraceptive methods.

Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study that carried out in 2010 in Ahvaz, Iran. The number of 1353 Pap smear reports were selected from Ahvaz pathology laboratories using cluster sampling. Data were analyzed using chi square and ANOVA tests in SPSS.

Results: The results of study showed that the prevalence of cervicovaginal infections was 10.4 on which, 8.2% of them were candida, 1.4% were trichomonas and 0.8% were gardnerella. In 87.3% of cases various degrees of inflammation of 1+ to 4+ grades were reported. There was no relationship between age and cervical infection or inflammation. There was no significant relationship between infection' type and inflammation rate and age. There was significant correlation between contraceptive methods and reports of cervicovaginal infections and inflammation.

Conclusions: The cervicovaginal infections have association with use of contraceptins. For prevention of recurrent infections and precancerous cervical changes, women with risk factors for cervical cancer are recommended to make informed choices about contraceptive methods.

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