Effects of Herbal Medicines on Nipple Fissures: A Systematic Review

AUTHORS

Mehri Saffari 1 , Narjes Bahri ORCID 2 , * , Mohammad Ghorbani 3 , Azamsadat Mahmoudian 4

1 Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Gonabad University of Medical Science, Gonabad, Iran

2 Department of Midwifery, School of Medicine, Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Science, Gonabad, Iran

3 School of Medicine, Gonabad University of Medical Science, Gonabad, Iran

4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Gonabad University of Medical Science, Gonabad, Iran

How to Cite: Saffari M, Bahri N, Ghorbani M, Mahmoudian A. Effects of Herbal Medicines on Nipple Fissures: A Systematic Review. Jundishapur J Nat Pharm Prod. 2021;In Press(In Press):e111321. doi: 10.5812/jjnpp.111321.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jundishapur Journal of Natural Pharmaceutical Products: In Press (In Press); e111321
Published Online: August 30, 2021
Article Type: Systematic Review
Received: December 20, 2020
Revised: August 06, 2021
Accepted: August 25, 2021
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Abstract

Context: As a prevalent problem on the first days of childbirth, nipple fissures can cause pain and discomfort and lead to the early cessation of breastfeeding. Effectively treating this complication is therefore crucial. This systematic review investigated the effects of herbal medicines on the treatment of nipple fissures.

Methods: Keywords such as “treatment”, “nipple fissure”, “fissure”, “medicinal plants”, “sore nipple” and “herbal ingredients” were used individually and in combination to extract relevant articles published by March 2020 from English databases, i.e. Science Direct, PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar. The Persian equivalents of these keywords were used for extracting articles from Google Scholar, SID and Magiran. The selected articles were qualitatively evaluated using the checklist issued by Consolidated Standard of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) in 2017.

Results: Out of 132 articles retrieved, 10 eligible ones were included in this study. Investigating the full text of the articles found herbal medicines such as purslane, aloe vera, olive oil, frankincense, pistacia atlantica, curcumin and ziziphus jujuba effective in treating nipple fissures.

Conclusions: Given the effects of herbal medicines on treating nipple fissures, it is recommended that comprehensive studies be conducted on different forms and doses of these compounds.

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© 2021, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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