Determination of Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentration Level in Lactating Women and Factors affecting it in Islam Abad Gharb (2004)

AUTHORS

Badrieh Sahargahi 1 , * , A Jazayeri 1 , M Jalali 1 , A Keshavarz 1 , M Shahrokhi 1

1 Iran

How to Cite: Sahargahi B, Jazayeri A, Jalali M, Keshavarz A, Shahrokhi M. Determination of Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentration Level in Lactating Women and Factors affecting it in Islam Abad Gharb (2004), J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2007 ; 11(2):e80666.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 11 (2); e80666
Published Online: September 19, 2007
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 15, 2005
Accepted: November 07, 2006
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Abstract

Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency is still a common serious health problem among women of reproductive age and their infants in developing countries at the outset of the third millennium. Information on vitamin D status of urban lactating women in Islam Abad Gharb is not available, but it seems that, as in other physiologic groups in other areas of Iran, vitamin D deficiency may be common there, too. The aims of this study were: 1) To determine the serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration and its association with independent variables (age, occupation, family size), and 2) To determine the vitamin D status of urban lactating women and its association with the independent variables.   

Materials & Method: In this descriptive analytical cross-sectional study, using a simple randomized sampling technique, a total of 155 lactating women, whose babies were less than 12 months, were selected from 8 urban health centers in Islam Abad Gharb in winter 2004. A general questionnaire was completed to obtain information on age, occupation, family size, and   fasting blood samples were taken for biochemical analysis .The concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in serum was measured by Chemiluminescence Method. Normal status, moderate deficiency, and sever deficiency were defined as a concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D serum ≥ 10 ng/ml, 6ng/ml ≤ concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D serum < 10 ng/ml, and vitamin D deficiency as concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D< 6 ng/ml.

Results: The results revealed that the mean serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration was 5.36 ng/ml.  8.4% of women had a normal status, 18.7% and 72.9% suffered from moderate and severe deficiency. Age and family size affected the serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D negatively.  Also working women had a significantly better vitamin D status than housewives.

Conclusion: We conclude that vitamin D status of urban lactating women is poor and needs immediate attention.

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© 2007, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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