The Effectiveness Of Video-Based Education On Gaining Practical Learning Skills In Comparison With Demonstrating Method’s Effectiveness Among University Students

AUTHORS

H Karimi Mouneghi 1 , * , A Derakhshan 2 , N Valai 3 , Fatemeh Mortazavi 3

1 Faculty member of Mashad University of Medical Sciences, edc.

2 Faculty member of Mashad University of Medical Sciences,edc Director.

3 Faculty member of Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences.

How to Cite: Karimi Mouneghi H, Derakhshan A, Valai N, Mortazavi F. The Effectiveness Of Video-Based Education On Gaining Practical Learning Skills In Comparison With Demonstrating Method’s Effectiveness Among University Students, J Med Edu. 2003 ; 4(1):e105048. doi: 10.22037/jme.v4i1.855.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Medical Education: 4 (1); e105048
Published Online: March 11, 2009
Article Type: Research Article
Received: March 11, 2009
Accepted: March 11, 2009
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Abstract

Background: This research was done in the year 2002 in order to compare the effectiveness of video-based education with demonstrating method on gaining practical learning skills. The importance of practical skill learning especially in the branches of medical sciences, the existing contrasts in the effectiveness of educational methods and the advantages of using some methods in learning, facility, rate and expenditure made us think about it as an important subject.Materials and methods: The research was experimentally done on 40 students of Nursing and Obstetrics education.The samples were randomly divided into 2 groups depending on their educational branch. The pre-test was done in the form of written and short-answer tests in the recognizing domination in order to measure the participants’ knowledge, also in the form of a checklist in the psychological domination to measure their skills. Each group was thought one skill by the routine method, demonstration, and another skill by the video-based education method. The skills were changing a wound dressing and washing the hands in the surgical way. The post-tests, similar to the pretests,were done 24 hours afterwards and the results were judged statistically.Results: The total learning rates in demonstrating method were more than the video-based method (P < 0.043). The learning rate in the recognizing domination in hand washing using demonstrating method was 16.20±1.5 while using video-based method was 15.25±1 (P > 0.068).The learning rate in the psychological domination in hand washing using demonstrating method was 16.85±1.5 while using video-based method was 15.94±1.4 (P < 0.026).The learning rate in the recognizing domination in changing a wound dressing using demonstrating method was 15.60±1.8 while using video-based method was 15.5±1 (P > 0.831).The learning rate in the psychological domination in changing a wound dressing using demonstrating method was 16.87±1.3 while using video-based method was 16.12±1(P < 0.036).Conclusions: The routine educational method, demonstration is more effective in practical learning skills in comparison with the video-based education method especially in the psychological domination. It is therefore recommended to apply this method and also to do researches in other skills and in other educational university branches.

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  • © 2003, Journal of Medical Education. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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