The Effectiveness of a New “Student-Centered” and “Problem- Oriented” Method of Textbooks Review in Large Educational Groups: a Case Report

AUTHORS

Maliheh Arab 1 , * , Giti Noghabaei 2

1 Department of Medical Education, School of Medical Education, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Gynecology, Gynecological Translational Research Center (GTRC), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Arab M, Noghabaei G. The Effectiveness of a New “Student-Centered” and “Problem- Oriented” Method of Textbooks Review in Large Educational Groups: a Case Report, J Med Edu. 2015 ; 14(3):e105469. doi: 10.22037/jme.v14i3.10260.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Medical Education: 14 (3); e105469
Published Online: October 18, 2015
Article Type: Brief Report
Received: October 12, 2015
Accepted: October 18, 2015
Crossmark
Crossmark
CHECKING
READ FULL TEXT

Abstract

Background and purpose: Two important clinical education methods are problem-based and student-centered. However, education of “clinical decision-making skills” and “application of clinical knowledge” is important. Usually training these cases is done in small groups. In this study, new method of scientific textbooks with four factors mentioned above has been implemented in large education groups and its effectiveness has been evaluated.Methods: In scientific literature teaching sessions to 50 gynecology specialist residents of a type 1 university in Iran, problem-based and student-centered education is applied from textbooks by asking questions to “increase decision-making skills” and “application of clinical knowledge”. Designing of the questions was done in five-step process including design-thinking, response based on previous information, design multiple choice questions, thinking again, referring to textbooks proper answer and discussion-final conclusion by the coordinator in large educational groups (up to 50) runs in a 2-year period and then evaluated by learners, managers and graduates' investigation.Results: The evaluation of learners (Gynecology residents) satisfaction was 89%, decision-making skill increase was 82%, clinical application skill increase of scientific matters was 74%, textbooks understanding increase was 83% and answering skill increase to exam questions was 79%. Managers' opinion (3 people) was excellent about the process. In examining graduates in the two-year period, 2 people achieved first and fifth rank in national gynecology board that both of them considered the attending classes important in their success.Conclusions: New method of scientific textbooks with the use of “problem-based” and “student-centered” education in large educational groups was effective and satisfactory for the learners.

Fulltext

The body of the article can be found in the PDF file.

References

  • 1.

    References are available in the PDF file

  • © 2015, Journal of Medical Education. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
    COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: