Metaphor in Education; Hidden but Effective

AUTHORS

Soleiman Ahmady 1 , Minoo Yaghmaei 1 , 2 , Maliheh Arab 2 , Alireza Monajemi 3 , *

1 School of Medical Education, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Philosophy of Science and Technology, Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Ahmady S, Yaghmaei M, Arab M, Monajemi A. Metaphor in Education; Hidden but Effective, J Med Edu. 2016 ; 15(1):e105483. doi: 10.22037/jme.v15i1.10401.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Medical Education: 15 (1); e105483
Published Online: May 05, 2016
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 30, 2015
Accepted: February 08, 2016
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Abstract

The aim of this paper is to illustrate the role of metaphor in education. The main thesis is that the metaphors shape our attitude towards education implicitly. With this aim in mind, first, the concept of metaphor is briefly introduced, and then three of the most famous metaphors that have been used in education (factories, gardening and travel), and their differences are discussed. Medical education is a long period that in different levels different purposes should be achieved. For instance, while in basic science teaching takes place in classrooms and labs, this will switch to bedside teaching in clinical years. It seems that none of the above mentioned metaphors is adequate for designing a curriculum in medical education and we need a combination of these three for a more comprehensive curriculum planning.

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  • © 2016, Journal of Medical Education. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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