Professional Practice of Medical Training in the E-Learning System: The Conceptual Model Based on a Critical Review

AUTHORS

Zohreh Sadat Mirmoghtadaie 1 , * , Soleiman Ahmady 1 , Shahram Yazdani 1 , Rita Mojtahedzadeh 2 , Leila Afshar 3

1 Department of Medical Education, School of Medical Education, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services. Tehran, Iran

2 Department of E-Learning in Medical Education, Virtual School, Center of Excellence for E-Learning in Medical Education, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Medical Ethics, School of Medical Education, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services. Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Mirmoghtadaie Z S, Ahmady S, Yazdani S, Mojtahedzadeh R, Afshar L . Professional Practice of Medical Training in the E-Learning System: The Conceptual Model Based on a Critical Review, J Med Edu. 2016 ; 15(4):e105550. doi: 10.22037/jme.v15i4.13480.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Medical Education: 15 (4); e105550
Published Online: April 19, 2017
Article Type: Review Article
Received: August 18, 2016
Accepted: October 05, 2016
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Abstract

Background and Purpose: In education of medical science courses, there has been a growing orientation towards replacing traditional teaching in with E-learning education. Since the modern system of education is based on self-directed learning, e-learning requires special powers to deal with new-emerging challenges and professionally encounter the learning environment. The purpose of the present research is to explain and provide a conceptual model for professional competency in this system.Methods: In this review, different internet and library resources, indexed in Scirus, Pre Quest, Scopus, IEEE, SID, Magiran, Eric, Taylor and Francis, and Google Scholar from 1990 to 2015 were searched using the following keywords: function, manner, ethics, conduct disposition, netiquette, values, academic fraud, moral professionalism, and behavior ine-learning in combination and separately. The Critical Review methodology and Carnwell and Randolph structures were used. The most recent and richest resources that were more relevant to the issue were selected and their information was extracted.Results: Among review of 98 articles, documents of 34 relevant and valid articles were extracted. Based on the results, Digital Literacy, study skills, Cyber Ethics, and Netiquette were considered the main components of scientific and ethical competency in e-learning. 40 components were included in these dimensions.Conclusions: Although there is general interest in e-learning, the target population (learners) are not prepared to use such an environment and require strong support. In this paper, we provided a summarized scheme and conceptual pattern fore-learners to move towards promotion of learning.

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  • © 2016, Journal of Medical Education. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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