Evaluation of the Portfolio’s Implementation in Clinical Clerkship: Students’ and Staff’s Perception in Egypt

AUTHORS

Enjy Abouzeid 1 , * , Asmaa Abdel Nasser 1

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Egypt

How to Cite: Abouzeid E, Abdel Nasser A. Evaluation of the Portfolio’s Implementation in Clinical Clerkship: Students’ and Staff’s Perception in Egypt, J Med Edu. 2018 ; 17(4):e105650. doi: 10.22037/jme.v17i4.23742.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Medical Education: 17 (4); e105650
Published Online: February 24, 2019
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 16, 2018
Accepted: January 20, 2019
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Abstract

Background: Over the last two decades, the focus of curricula has shifted from the acquisition of knowledge to the achievement of competence. The challenge is to improve the assessment scheme to formatively support the development of competence in an integrated, coherent, and longitudinal fashion, and assess them in a summative fashion.Objectives: To investigate the students’ and staff’s perception towards the implementation process of the portfolio in the clinical years at Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University.Methods: Two different questionnaires were used to explore the students’ and staff’s perception towards portfolio assessment process.Results: The students’ response rate was 70%. 46.8% of the students agreed on the portfolio’s complementary role to clinical teaching during rotations. They agreed that portfolio stimulated their problem solving and clinical reasoning skills by 38.5%, and 38.2% respectively. 41.1% agreed that it helped them in preparation for their future practice. However, 41% agreed that portfolio workload and time required were excessive. There was no chance to improve those aspects assessed as deficient in feedback. One of the threatening problems is copying the portfolio from others, unfortunately. 34.7% of the students agreed that this was a problem among them. Regarding the staff, they agreed that portfolio helped them to assess students’ competencies and permitted multiple episodes of teaching more effectively than single observations did (75%, and 72.2%, respectively). However, 38.9% felt that it was an exhausting and time-consuming assessment process. They thought that it would be better to have enough time for review the portfolio in detail before the oral discussion, and that was fair if two examiners evaluated it rather than one (64%, and 75%, respectively).Conclusion: The portfolio helps the faculty in assessment of students’ clinical competencies in a continuous manner but for both it was exhausting and time-consuming assessment process.

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