Comments on Misconceptions About the Management of Low Back Pain: A Brief Note for Physiotherapists by Musa Sani Danazumi

AUTHORS

Faizan Zaffar Kashoo ORCID 1 , * , Mehrunnisha Ahmad ORCID 2

1 Department of Physical Therapy and Health Rehabilitation, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Majmaah University, Majmaah, Saudi Arabia

2 Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Majmaah University, Majmaah, Saudi Arabia

How to Cite: Kashoo F Z , Ahmad M. Comments on Misconceptions About the Management of Low Back Pain: A Brief Note for Physiotherapists by Musa Sani Danazumi, Middle East J Rehabil Health Stud. Online ahead of Print ; 7(3):e103112. doi: 10.5812/mejrh.103112.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Middle East Journal of Rehabilitation and Health Studies: 7 (3); e103112
Published Online: June 21, 2020
Article Type: Letter
Received: March 29, 2020
Accepted: April 24, 2020
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Dear Editor,

We read the review article with interest titled “Misconceptions about the Management of Low Back Pain: A Brief Note for Physiotherapists by Musa Sani Danazumi” (1). The article is about physical therapy management in low back pain. We would like to congratulate the authors on this well-written review. However, there are few concerns related to the scope of management of low back pain by a physical therapist.

First, the author commented on the lack of robust scientific evidence and physical therapy techniques used for back pain. We differ from the author’s conceptualization of current evidence-based practices and pretend that the author might have missed the recent systematic review and meta-analysis about the effectiveness of techniques such as Maitland, core muscle strengthening, McKenzie exercises for back pain (2). Moreover, to meet therapeutic goals of the treatment, physiotherapists barely use a single technique, as conditions such as backache contain multiple symptoms that each should be addressed with different techniques. However, it does not mean, if administered in isolation, would not be effective (3).

Second, the medical imaging technique is of paramount importance in cases with severe diseases, such as sacral tumors and other serious medical conditions that need immediate surgical interventions (4). Moreover, the imaging prescription by a physical therapist is limited, as a recent study reported the vast discrepancy between the symptoms perceived by the patient and the extent of damage shown in the radiograph. According to this new age evidence-based practice, physical therapists abstain from prescribing unnecessary imaging, as there are validated tools that would provide a better clinical picture of the patient (5).

Third, related to the prescription of surgery, we entirely agree with the author that if the neurological complications are progressive, the surgery is necessary. Surgery is the last option to address neural compression (6). The pre- and post-operative training are essential to regain the normal functional ability. The physical therapist plays a vital role in improving the general health status of those who had surgical interventions. The pre-operative training includes breathing exercises, strengthening of venerable muscles, and consultations related to the pain. However, there is no drug to prevent the effects of immobilization and muscle weakness. The post-operative training ensures that the patient regains complete functional independence.

Fourth, the author reported a narrow scope of thought; however, the write-up is not related to the title of the paragraph. A physiotherapist should use an arsenal of therapeutic techniques, because patients with back pain have a wide range of clinical presentations (7). Applying a unified technique for all cases is not appropriate. Therefore a tailor-made approach to meet the patient’s functional needs and the therapeutic goals is the best way to justify the intervention provided to the patients.

In conclusion, The review article provides useful but limited information about the therapeutic effectiveness and the validated tools used in backache treatment by the physical therapist.

Footnotes

References

  • 1.

    Danazumi MS. Misconceptions about the management of low back pain: A brief note for physiotherapists. Middle East J Rehabil Health Stud. 2020;7(2). doi: 10.5812/mejrh.101154.

  • 2.

    Pires D, Cruz EB, Gomes LA, Nunes C. How do physical therapists measure treatment outcomes in adults with chronic low back pain? A systematic review. Phys Ther. 2020. doi: 10.1093/ptj/pzaa030. [PubMed: 32115634].

  • 3.

    Kashoo FZ, Ahmad M. Effect of sensory integration on attention span among children with infantile hemiplegia. Int J Health Sci (Qassim). 2019;13(3):29-33. [PubMed: 31123437]. [PubMed Central: PMC6512152].

  • 4.

    Lemmers GPG, van Lankveld W, Westert GP, van der Wees PJ, Staal JB. Imaging versus no imaging for low back pain: A systematic review, measuring costs, healthcare utilization and absence from work. Eur Spine J. 2019;28(5):937-50. doi: 10.1007/s00586-019-05918-1. [PubMed: 30796513].

  • 5.

    Alqahtani MM, Kashoo FZ. Physical therapy in cervicogenic dizziness. Saudi J Heal Sci. 2020;9(1):1-6.

  • 6.

    Rafique MK, Taqi A. Review article–The causes, prevention and management of post spinal backache: An overview. Anaesth Pain Intens Care. 2019.

  • 7.

    Kashoo F, Ahmad M. Challenge is the key to stroke rehabilitation. Biomed Res. 2018;29(21). doi: 10.4066/biomedicalresearch.29-18-1076.

  • Copyright © 2020, Middle East Journal of Rehabilitation and Health Studies. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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    Musa sani danazumi says:

    Thank you so much for elaborating more