Explaining of chronic pain management process in older people: A grounded theory Study


Houman Manoochehri 1 , Mansoreh Zagheri Tafreshi 1 , Farid Zayeri 1 , Violet Alipour 1 , Manouchehr Shirazi 2 , *

1 Iran


How to Cite: Manoochehri H , Zagheri Tafreshi M , Zayeri F , Alipour V , Shirazi M . Explaining of chronic pain management process in older people: A grounded theory Study, Med Surg Nurs J. 2016 ; 4(4):e68076.


Medical - Surgical Nursing Journal: 4 (4); e68076
Published Online: February 16, 2016
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 27, 2018
Accepted: November 02, 2015


Background: With regard to the multi-dimensional and complex nature of chronic pain management process in the elderly, the identifying of its various aspects is essential for proper management of this type of pain. The current study aimed to explain the chronic pain management process in the elderly.

Methods: This study was conducted based on grounded theory approach in health care centers of Ahwaz in 2013-2014. Participants including 62 persons consisted of 30 elderly people who were confirmed about the lack of cognitive disorders through using I.V.A.M.T.S , 3 persons of their relatives and 29 persons of health care providers. Data collection was done through using semi-structured interview, observation and field note. Data analysis was performed based on Strauss and Corbin’s method of analysis.

Results: Data analysis showed that the “comprehensive support” is considered as an important and facilitating factor in the process of chronic pain management in the elderly which consists of four sub-categories as “being with family”, “team work”, “targeted treatment” and “social support”.

Conclusion: Chronic pain Management in the elderly will not be achieved without helping of effective supportive resources. . Making appropriate decisions can be effective in order to identifying and gaining support from these sources for effective management of pain.




  • 1.

  • © 2016, Medical - Surgical Nursing Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.