The effect of two methods, follow-up care by telephone and short message services on prothrombin time in patients with valve replacement surgery in hospitals of Tehran

AUTHORS

fateme ghafor , *

How to Cite: ghafor F. The effect of two methods, follow-up care by telephone and short message services on prothrombin time in patients with valve replacement surgery in hospitals of Tehran, Med Surg Nurs J. 2013 ; 1(2):e87583.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Medical - Surgical Nursing Journal: 1 (2); e87583
Published Online: November 05, 2013
Article Type: Abstract
Received: December 15, 2018
Accepted: July 17, 2013
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Abstract

Background and Objective: The aim of anticoagulant therapies is maintaining the blood level of drug for prevention of thrombotic accident without bleeding. One of the main components in coagulation system management after cardiac valve replacement surgery is to increase patients’ knowledge about thess drugs. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of two methods of follow-up: short message service and telephone follow-up care on prothrombin time in patients after cardiac valve replacement surgery. Materials and Method: This clinical trial study was done on patients admitted for valve replacement in Tehran selected hospitals in 2011. 99 patients were selected through purposive sampling and then were randomly allocated to telephone, short message services and control groups. In each group 33 patients were studied. After completing the demographic questionnaire, patients’ prothrombin time was measured and recorded at discharge time and 3 months later. The booklet and oral training were presented to all of the patients before discharge. Telephone follow-up group were called within the first month twice a week and in the second and third month once a week. One message was sent daily to the patients in Short message services follow-up group. For data analysis SPSS 17, descriptive statistical test, Chi-square, paired T-Test and one way ANOVA were used. Results: The one way ANOVA test showed no significant difference between the means of prothrombin time in telephone follow-up, short message services follow-up and control groups after intervention (P=0.87). Conclusion: Results showed that the effect of two methods in controlling the prothrobin time was the same, but according to low cost and easiness of SMS, the application of this method should be considered in cardiac center.

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