Our core practice about authorship rules is originated from the ICMJE which defines the Role of Authors and Contributors. Based on ICMJE, we recommend that authorship criteria must be matched with the below conditions:
In addition to being accountable for the parts of the work he or she has done, an author should be able to identify which co-authors are responsible for specific other parts of the work. Also, the authors should have confidence in the integrity of the contributions of their co-authors. All those designated as authors should meet all four criteria for authorship, and all who meet the four criteria should be identified as authors. Those who do not meet all four criteria should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding, the gathering of data, technical help, writing assistance, and general supervision of the research group does not warrant authorship. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged. Please guarantee that anyone stated in the Acknowledgements section has granted its clearance for permission to be listed.
An authorship statement is required for every manuscript submitted and should state who has contributed what to the planning, conduct, and reporting of the work described in the article.
Please clarify and write who was responsible for:
Each author's name must be written only by the first letter of the given name and surname. To ensure that article referees or peer reviewers do not know your identity (as author[s] of the manuscript being reviewed), submitted files (i.e., Full Manuscript File; Reply to Reviewers, Appendices, Figures, Abstract) that reviewers can see, should not contain authors' names or affiliations.
Author Contributions: Study concept and design: F. M., and H. E.; analysis and interpretation of data: F. M., and S. B.; drafting of the manuscript: F. M.; critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: F. M., H. E., and S. B.; statistical analysis: H. E..
Y. K. L. developed the original idea and the protocol, abstracted and analyzed data, wrote the manuscript, and is a guarantor. D. P. and S. D. contributed to the development of the protocol, abstracted data, and prepared the manuscript.
Y. K. L. conceived and designed the evaluation and drafted the manuscript. E. O. participated in designing the evaluation, performed parts of the statistical analysis and helped to draft the manuscript. W. M. re-evaluated the clinical data, revised the manuscript and performed the statistical analysis and revised the manuscript. S. S. collected the clinical data, interpreted them and revised the manuscript. Q. E. re-analyzed the clinical and statistical data and revised the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
Recognize individuals who assisted with the project. Report all sources of grant and other support for the project or study, including funds received from contributors, institutions and commercial sources. Consultancies and funds paid directly to investigators must also be listed.
If the "corresponding author" requested to introduce two first authors, Kowsar journals can provide you with "dual first authorship". It means that the two authors have contributed equally to a paper.
If you are going to submit your article with dual first authorship, inform us by submitting a ticket via our support portal or inform us during your galley proof. Note that we can accept your request before final publishing and all requests after publishing will be rejected. After confirmation of your request, a footnote will be added to the author's names and an explanation will be given.
Just before final publishing, we can add any dual first authorship. (#367518)
The mandate for a single corresponding author has been relaxed. Two corresponding authors may be listed if justified, with one author designated as the primary point of contact responsible for all communication about the manuscript and article. This person will be listed first in the corresponding author section of the published article.
In the case of a group of authors from a company or department, we choose this type of author. This type of author is not an individual author. We use <collab> when a group of authors is credited under a single name. To include all members of a collaborative author, we write their names after the text of the collaborative author name.