Background and Aims: The Doppler resistive index was advanced as a useful parameter for quantifying the alterations in renal blood flow that may occur with renal diseases. The presence of splenomegaly is very significant in the diagnosis of several groups of diseases: immunological, inflammatory, reticuloendothelial proliferations, storage diseases and portal hypertension. This prospective study is designed to investigate whether there is an effect of splenomegaly on renal resistive index value of extrinsically compressed left kidney by using renal Doppler US.

Methods: A total of 48 patients (22 male and 26 female) with splenomegaly (>130 mm) were evaluated by renal Doppler US examination. The etiologies and durations of splenomegaly were found to be different. Renal sphericity indices were calculated for demonstration of extrinsic compression (long axis/short axis). The resistive index values obtained via both compressed left kidney by splenomegaly and contralateral right kidney were measured. Mean values were calculated and difference of mean resistive index between both kidneys were compared.

Results: The sphericity indices were higher in compressed left kidney (mean +/-SD) (2.4 +/- 0.4) than contralateral normal side (2.3 +/- 0.3). The mean RI of the compressed and contralateral kidney were 0.67 +/- 0.5 and 0.65 +/- 0.4, respectively. The mean RI value of the left side is statistically higher than right side (p< 0.01). 

Conclusions: During renal Doppler examinations it should be kept in mind that the extrinsic pressure caused by enlarged spleen may significantly alter renal RI measurements. 

"/> Background and Aims: The Doppler resistive index was advanced as a useful parameter for quantifying the alterations in renal blood flow that may occur with renal diseases. The presence of splenomegaly is very significant in the diagnosis of several groups of diseases: immunological, inflammatory, reticuloendothelial proliferations, storage diseases and portal hypertension. This prospective study is designed to investigate whether there is an effect of splenomegaly on renal resistive index value of extrinsically compressed left kidney by using renal Doppler US.

Methods: A total of 48 patients (22 male and 26 female) with splenomegaly (>130 mm) were evaluated by renal Doppler US examination. The etiologies and durations of splenomegaly were found to be different. Renal sphericity indices were calculated for demonstration of extrinsic compression (long axis/short axis). The resistive index values obtained via both compressed left kidney by splenomegaly and contralateral right kidney were measured. Mean values were calculated and difference of mean resistive index between both kidneys were compared.

Results: The sphericity indices were higher in compressed left kidney (mean +/-SD) (2.4 +/- 0.4) than contralateral normal side (2.3 +/- 0.3). The mean RI of the compressed and contralateral kidney were 0.67 +/- 0.5 and 0.65 +/- 0.4, respectively. The mean RI value of the left side is statistically higher than right side (p< 0.01). 

Conclusions: During renal Doppler examinations it should be kept in mind that the extrinsic pressure caused by enlarged spleen may significantly alter renal RI measurements. 

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Effect of Splenomegaly on Renal Resistive Index: Doppler Ultrasonograghy Study

AUTHORS

Selim Serter 1 , * , Gliz Y?lmaz 2 , Gkhan Pekindil 2

1 Department of Radiology School of Medicine, Celal Bayar University, [email protected], Turkey

2 Department of Radiology School of Medicine, Celal Bayar University, Turkey

How to Cite: Serter S, Y?lmaz G, Pekindil G. Effect of Splenomegaly on Renal Resistive Index: Doppler Ultrasonograghy Study, Nephro-Urol Mon. Online ahead of Print ; 2(2):368-372.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Nephro-Urology Monthly: 2 (2); 368-372
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 7, 2009
Accepted: September 14, 2009
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Abstract

Background and Aims: The Doppler resistive index was advanced as a useful parameter for quantifying the alterations in renal blood flow that may occur with renal diseases. The presence of splenomegaly is very significant in the diagnosis of several groups of diseases: immunological, inflammatory, reticuloendothelial proliferations, storage diseases and portal hypertension. This prospective study is designed to investigate whether there is an effect of splenomegaly on renal resistive index value of extrinsically compressed left kidney by using renal Doppler US.

Methods: A total of 48 patients (22 male and 26 female) with splenomegaly (>130 mm) were evaluated by renal Doppler US examination. The etiologies and durations of splenomegaly were found to be different. Renal sphericity indices were calculated for demonstration of extrinsic compression (long axis/short axis). The resistive index values obtained via both compressed left kidney by splenomegaly and contralateral right kidney were measured. Mean values were calculated and difference of mean resistive index between both kidneys were compared.

Results: The sphericity indices were higher in compressed left kidney (mean +/-SD) (2.4 +/- 0.4) than contralateral normal side (2.3 +/- 0.3). The mean RI of the compressed and contralateral kidney were 0.67 +/- 0.5 and 0.65 +/- 0.4, respectively. The mean RI value of the left side is statistically higher than right side (p< 0.01). 

Conclusions: During renal Doppler examinations it should be kept in mind that the extrinsic pressure caused by enlarged spleen may significantly alter renal RI measurements. 

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