The Association Between Severity of Dysmenorrhea and Social Support Among Female Students of Ilam University of Medical Sciences

AUTHORS

Mahsa Mashreghi 1 , Zainab Suhrabi 2 , Parand Soliemanifard 3 , Sedigheh Farzi 4 , Safoura Taheri 2 , *

1 Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran

2 Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran

3 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran

4 Department of Adult Health Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Centre, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

How to Cite: Mashreghi M , Suhrabi Z , Soliemanifard P , Farzi S , Taheri S. The Association Between Severity of Dysmenorrhea and Social Support Among Female Students of Ilam University of Medical Sciences. Shiraz E-Med J. 2021;In Press(In Press):e108890. doi: 10.5812/semj.108890.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Shiraz E-Medical Journal: In Press (In Press); e108890
Published Online: July 12, 2021
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 26, 2020
Revised: February 23, 2021
Accepted: March 01, 2021
Crossmark
Crossmark
CHECKING
READ FULL TEXT

Abstract

Background: Dysmenorrhea or painful menstruation is the most common periodic pain in women, and is divided into primary and secondary dysmenorrhea. One of the possible factors affecting the severity of dysmenorrhea is the presence or absence of social support.

Objectives: Due to the high prevalence of dysmenorrhea and its undesirable consequences on the quality of personal, social and academic life of students, this study was conducted to determine the association between severity of dysmenorrhea and social support among female students of Ilam University of Medical Sciences.

Methods: This cross-sectional and descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 286 female students with the age range of 18-28 years who were studying at Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Iran in 2018. Samples were selected by purposeful method among female students of Ilam University of Medical Sciences. Data collection tools included demographic information form, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) to determine pain severity, and standardized Social Support Questionnaire (SSQ) to assess social support. Descriptive statistics (frequency and mean) and analytical statistics (Pearson’s correlation coefficient) were used for data analysis, which was done by SPSS-16 software.

Results: The mean age of the samples was 21.62 ±2.10 years and the mean age of menarche was 13.57 ±1.33 years. The prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea was 86% among the samples, with 8% of them having low social support, 39.2% having moderate social support and 52.8% having high social support. There was a significant association between social support and severity of dysmenorrhea, so that Pearson’s correlation coefficient showed an inverse association between the two variables (r = -0.187, P = 0.002).

Conclusions: The results of study in relation to inverse association between the severity of dysmenorrhea and the level of social support showed that, plan must be made to create and enhance social support by family and community in order to reduce the effects that dysmenorrhea can have on the physical, mental and social health of individuals.

Fulltext

© 2021, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
COMMENTS

LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: