Prevalence Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Women in Normal Vaginal Versus Caesarian Deliveries

AUTHORS

Fatemeh Rajani 1 , Nasrin Sharifi 2 , Arash Mani ORCID 3 , Marzieh Akbarzadeh ORCID 4 , *

1 Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

3 Department of Psychiatric, Medical School, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

4 Maternal–Fetal medicine Research Center, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

How to Cite: Rajani F, Sharifi N, Mani A, Akbarzadeh M. Prevalence Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Women in Normal Vaginal Versus Caesarian Deliveries, Shiraz E-Med J.2021 In Press(In Press): e111216.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Shiraz E-Medical Journal: In Press (In Press); e111216
Published Online: May 25, 2021
Article Type: Brief Report
Received: November 23, 2020
Revised: February 11, 2021
Accepted: March 01, 2021
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Abstract

Childbirth causes strong emotional arousal that may cause traumatic psychological symptoms in some women. This study investigated the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in women in normal vaginal delivery versus cesarean section.  This was a cross-sectional study conducted in selected health centers affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in 2018. The samples included 714 patients (328 vaginal and 386 cesarean deliveries). Sampling was available in two cluster stages after selecting the clinic. Mothers were determined to be traumatic in their delivery according to criterion A in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Version DSM-IV (with four questions). Then, demographic information and stress disorder questionnaires were filled out for all mothers after traumatic delivery through an interview. The prevalence of postpartum stress disorder was higher in the cesarean section group (10.8%)than in the normal delivery group (10%), but this difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.275). Although the prevalence of PTSD between the two groups was not statistically significant. but the prevalence of PTSD was significantly higher than other countries. This highlights the need for targeted interventions to reduce this disorder.

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© 2021, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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