Knowledge, Attitude, and Performance Towards Mask Use to Prevent and Control the COVID-19 Outbreak Among a Group of Iranian People: A Cross-sectional Study

AUTHORS

Abdolhamid Tajvar ORCID 1 , Teamur Aghamolaei ORCID 2 , Shokrollah Mohseni ORCID 2 , Anahita Fakherpour 3 , Zabihollah Damiri 4 , Mehdi Jahangiri ORCID 3 , Hamidreza Ghaffari ORCID 2 , *

1 Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Science, Shiraz, Iran

2 Social Determinants in Health Promotion Research Center, Research Institute for Health, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran

3 Department of Occupational Health, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

4 Department of Occupational Health, School of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Tajvar A , Aghamolaei T, Mohseni S , Fakherpour A , Damiri Z , et al. Knowledge, Attitude, and Performance Towards Mask Use to Prevent and Control the COVID-19 Outbreak Among a Group of Iranian People: A Cross-sectional Study, Shiraz E-Med J.2021 In Press(In Press): e111491.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Shiraz E-Medical Journal: In Press (In Press); e111491
Published Online: May 25, 2021
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 22, 2020
Revised: February 20, 2021
Accepted: April 06, 2021
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Abstract

Background: Due to severe pandemics of the COVID-19, the cases and deaths are unexpectedly and precipitately increasing. More importantly, asymptomatic carriers could infect healthy people through sneezing, coughing, and talking. Therefore, masks usage is required to prevent and control the COVID-19.

Objectives:  This study was aimed to examine the knowledge, attitude, and performance levels (KAP) of the Iranian population towards mask usage to prevent and control the COVID-19 outbreak during one-month period from early April to early May, 2020.

Methods: A researcher-developed, validated, and reliable questionnaire consisted of 30 questions regarding the knowledge, attitude, and performance towards mask usage was utilized. Data collection process was performed through the online method. To do so, the online questionnaire link was provided for the participants via social networks. The correct and wrong answers was scored 1 and 0, respectively. The final score of each dimension was calculated and then labeled according to the percentage, and classified into 0-50% (low), 51-75% (moderate), and 75%> (good).

Results: A total of 1581 participants took part in the study and completed the questionnaire. Although the participants had good attitude (74%) and performance (70.80%) but only 13.70% of them had good knowledge towards mask usage. Also, statistically significant differences were found between the participants’ knowledge with higher educational levels compared to ones with lower educational levels (P<0.001). There were statistically significant differences among the participants’ age, gender, educational levels, and job with the knowledge and attitude levels (P<0.05). Besides, females had higher performance than males (P<0.001). The participants with governmental jobs had significantly higher performance than unemployed ones (P<0.001).

Conclusions: The participants obtained low KAP levels; therefore, it is required to train, inform, and enhance their KAP levels via social media towards the importance of mask usage including proper donning, doffing, cleaning, disinfection, and safely and hygienic disposal procedures of the masks to prevent and control the COVID-19.

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© 2021, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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