The Predictors of Observance of Preventive Behaviors Toward Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever by Butchers in Qom City in Central Iran

AUTHORS

Zeynab Karimi ORCID 1 , Shadi Fathizadeh ORCID 2 , Zabihollah Gharlipour ORCID 1 , Abedin Saghafipour ORCID 3 , * , Samaneh Abolkheirian ORCID 4

1 Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran

2 Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

3 Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran

4 Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Karimi Z, Fathizadeh S, Gharlipour Z, Saghafipour A, Abolkheirian S. The Predictors of Observance of Preventive Behaviors Toward Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever by Butchers in Qom City in Central Iran, Shiraz E-Med J.2021 In Press(In Press): e111708. doi: 10.5812/semj.111708.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Shiraz E-Medical Journal: In Press (In Press); e111708
Published Online: June 05, 2021
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 29, 2020
Revised: February 28, 2021
Accepted: March 25, 2021
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Abstract

Background: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a viral zoonosis. The ranchers, butchers and slaughterhouse workers run the risk of contracting the disease more than others.

Objectives: The aim of present study was evaluation of occupational behaviors and practice of butchers and meat industry workers regarding CCHF based on the health belief model (HBM).

Methods: The present descriptive-analytical study was carried out on 207 local butchers working in slaughterhouses who were selected by cluster sampling in Qom city in the first six months of 2019. To collect data, a researcher-made questionnaire based on the HBM constructs was used. Validity and reliability of questioner has been verified. The data were analyzed by SPSS21 software using Regression analysis and Pearson correlation coefficient.

Results: A total, 141 (68.12%) of the participants used personal protective equipment including appropriate workwear, gloves, mask, goggles and boots when they had direct contact with raw meat products. There were statistically significant positive relationships between CCHF preventive behaviors and perceived barrier structures (P =0.003), perceived benefits (P =0.004), perceived severity (P =0.002), perceived susceptibility (P=0.001) and cues to action (P =0.001). Based on the results of the linear regression analysis, perceived susceptibility was able to predict 96% of the variance of CCHF preventive behaviors in Qom’s butchers.

Conclusions: Perceived susceptibility was a predictor of CCHF preventing behaviors; thus, it is suggested that future plans and programs based on the HBM should emphasize increasing perceived susceptibility and other constructs of this pattern to improve the disease-preventing behaviors of butchers.

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© 2021, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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