Short-Term Physical and Psychological Health Consequences of Induced and spontaneous Abortion: A Cross-Sectional Study

AUTHORS

Sedigh Alipanahpour ORCID 1 , Naeimeh Tayebi 2 , Mahnaz Zarshenas 3 , Marzieh Akbarzadeh ORCID 4 , *

1 Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Bam University of Medical Sciences, Bam, Iran

3 Community Based Psychiatric Care Research Center, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

4 Department of Midwifery, Maternal-Fetal Medicine Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

How to Cite: Alipanahpour S, Tayebi N , Zarshenas M, Akbarzadeh M. Short-Term Physical and Psychological Health Consequences of Induced and spontaneous Abortion: A Cross-Sectional Study, Shiraz E-Med J.2021 In Press(In Press): e111809. doi: 10.5812/semj.111809.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Shiraz E-Medical Journal: In Press (In Press); e111809
Published Online: May 31, 2021
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 27, 2020
Revised: February 20, 2021
Accepted: May 03, 2021
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Abstract

Background: Abortion is one of the most important complications of pregnancy with short-term and long-term negative physical and psychological effects in women.

Objective: The present study was conducted to investigate the short-term physical and psychological effects of various medical abortions of pregnant women referring to educational and medical centers in Shiraz.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 437 pregnant women referred to Shiraz Educational and Forensic Medicine Centers were selected. Then a questionnaire was completed for each of them including demographic characteristics, midwifery information and Mississippi Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Scale (M ‑ PTSD). Data were collected by SPSS software and analyzed using statistical tests.

Results: Induced and spontaneous abortions were the most common physical complication of fever with a rate of 10.3% and in the second place with blood transfusions and blood products with a rate of 4.6%. 73.1% of patients with abortion therapy had moderate stress due to psychological complications.

Conclusions: Since the most common complications after abortion are fever, blood transfusion and blood products and bleeding, therefore, it is recommended that a protocol should be prepared with the aim of standardizing post-abortion care. Most women in both induced and spontaneous abortion groups had moderate stress levels. Due to the lack of attention to the mental health of women who experience abortion, in addition to all medical and medical cases, it is necessary for women to receive the necessary counseling support after abortion.

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© 2021, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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