“A Survey on Medication Adherence and Its Associated Factors in Antibiotic-Takers Following Their Discharge from Hospital"

AUTHORS

Ali Zabihi ORCID 1 , Mojtaba Qanbari Qalehsari ORCID 2 , * , Seyedeh Roghayeh Jafarian Amiri ORCID 2 , Afsaneh Arzani ORCID 2 , Parvin Aziznejadroshan ORCID 3 , Valiollah Padehban ORCID 3

1 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

2 Nursing Care Research Center, Health Research Institute, Nursing & Midwifery School, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

3 Non-Communicable Pediatric Disease Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

How to Cite: Zabihi A, Qanbari Qalehsari M, Jafarian Amiri S R , Arzani A, Aziznejadroshan P, et al. “A Survey on Medication Adherence and Its Associated Factors in Antibiotic-Takers Following Their Discharge from Hospital", Shiraz E-Med J.2021 In Press(In Press): e113782. doi: 10.5812/semj.113782.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Shiraz E-Medical Journal: In Press (In Press); e113782
Published Online: May 31, 2021
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 13, 2021
Revised: May 05, 2021
Accepted: May 10, 2021
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Abstract

Background: high adherence to antibiotic therapy is essential for complete cure, reduction of treatment costs and prevention of drug resistance.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the adherence to antibiotic treatment and its associated factors in patients after hospital discharge.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 313 patients who were discharged from the hospital on antibiotics from October 6 to December 22, 2016. Demographic information of the participants at the time of discharge from the hospital and the Morisky medication adherence scale were completed one week after discharge. Data were analyzed using descriptive and chi-square tests at a significance level of <0.05.

Results: The mean age of patients was 44.17±19.51. Ninety-five percent of patients are discharged with only one oral antibiotic. The mean score of drug adherence in the research samples was 6.45 ± 1.41. Age groups under 40 years had poorer adherence to antibiotic treatment than age groups over 40 years (p = 0.04). Patients who had antibiotics for TDS forgot their medication more than other patients (p = 0.02). Patients who received antibiotics in the form of BD were less likely to discontinue their medication without informing their physician (p = 0.03).

Conclusions: Adherence to antibiotic treatment after discharge of patients is poor. All patients, especially those under 40 years of age and those who receive medication more often, should be given serious consideration for adherence to treatment.

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© 2021, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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