Hepatitis B Vaccine: Immunity, Efficacy and Types

AUTHORS

F Fallahian 1 , * , F Zamani 1

1 Researcher, Gastroenterintestinal and Liver Disease Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Firuzgar Hospital, Iran

How to Cite: Fallahian F, Zamani F. Hepatitis B Vaccine: Immunity, Efficacy and Types, Shiraz E-Med J. Online ahead of Print ; 11(1):20384.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Shiraz E-Medical Journal: 11 (1); 39-54
Published Online: January 1, 2010
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 5, 2009
Accepted: September 29, 2009
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Abstract

Current issues that are associated with the development of hepatitis B vaccine, combination vaccines, modes of administration, immunogenicity, and efficacy of different types of hepati-tis B vaccines are reviewed. Hepatitis B viral mutants can emerge as a result of either im-mune response or treatment options. Several studies are in progress on treatment of chronic hepatitis B infection by immunization with multiple antigenic components; DNA vaccines alone or with DNA encoded immunomodulatory cytokines; combination of vaccine with antivi-ral drugs and cytokines; and genetic manipulation of antigen presenting cells. Integrating hepatitis B vaccine doses into the global infant immunization program is not sufficient for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection eradication. Implementing HBV schedule to high risk groups such as injection drug users, inmates of correctional centers, and persons at risk for sexually transmitted diseases, surveillance of hepatitis B infected subjects and refugees, access to immunization services and treatment is necessary. Further investigation is needed to assess factors that can impede an adequate antibody response, HBV variants, and the need for booster doses to preserve vaccine-induced immunity, vaccinating schedule for older children, evaluation of those vaccinated but in persistent contact in HBV-endemic areas.

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© 2010, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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