Nutritional Intervention on Childhood Malnutritionin of Rural Nurseries in Qazvin Province, Iran

AUTHORS

Rosa Zavoshy 1 , Mostafa Noroozi 1 , * , Hassan Jahanihashemi 2 , Dariush Kiamiri 3

1 Department of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran

2 Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran

3 General Physician (MD)

How to Cite: Zavoshy R, Noroozi M, Jahanihashemi H, Kiamiri D. Nutritional Intervention on Childhood Malnutritionin of Rural Nurseries in Qazvin Province, Iran, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2013 ; 15(3):e93074.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 15 (3); e93074
Published Online: October 30, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 09, 2012
Accepted: April 23, 2012
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Abstract

Background : Malnutrition is one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity in children. Not only include acute effects on children's health, but also it has long-term effects on their cognitive development and economic growth in the society. Wasting (weight for height with Z< -1) is one of the malnutrition indices in children. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a cooked meal for 175 days on the anthropometric indices of weight, height and weight for height (wasting) of 3-6 years old children in all the rural nursery of Qazvin province, in Iran.
Materials and Methods : In this interventional study, 2385 children (48.8% female and 51.2% male) were recruited. Data were collected by a census in 2010. The children were received a cooked meal based on 360±20 kcal energy, 17% protein, 53% carbohydrate and 30% fat per day for 175 days at lunch time. The anthropometric indices were collected before and after the intervention. The results were analyzed using Paired t-test by SPSS-16 software.
Results : Prevalence of wasting malnutrition (mild & moderate) and sever after intervention reduced from 14.2 % and 0.95 % to 12.6% and 0.5 %, respectively (p< 0.05). Receiving a cooked meal significantly decreased wasting (15.2% to 13.2%) in all children (p< 0.01).
Conclusion : Receiving a cooked meal for 175 days had a significant reduction in wasting in all children.

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