Bionomics and Breeding Places of the Genus Anopheles (Diptera: Culicidae) in Mahroo and Sepid-Dasht Districts, Luristan Province, Western Iran


Hamid Kassiri 1 , * , Hamid Amani 2

1 Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, Faculty of Health, Ahwaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, Iran

2 Azna Health Services Centre, Azna, Iran

How to Cite: Kassiri H, Amani H. Bionomics and Breeding Places of the Genus Anopheles (Diptera: Culicidae) in Mahroo and Sepid-Dasht Districts, Luristan Province, Western Iran, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2012 ; 14(8):e93261.


Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 14 (8); e93261
Published Online: July 15, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 05, 2011
Accepted: April 26, 2012


Background : Study on ecology and larval habitats of anopheline mosquitoes are important in terms of some aspects such as, vector control through manipulation and modification of these habitats that can reduce the burdens of mosquito-borne diseases. Given the likelihood of malaria epidemy, this work has been conducted to study anopheline mosquito fauna, larval habitat features and seasonal activity of the genus Anopheles in the Mahroo and Sepid – Dasht rural districts, Luristan province.
Materials and Methods : This descriptive cross-sectional investigation was done from April to November 2001-2002. Larvae were collected by means of dipper and dropper from breeding places using the standard dipping technique, every two weeks. The third and fourth instar anopheline larvae were preserved in Lactophenol and identified into species using morphological characters. Larval habitat characteristics were recorded.
Results : A total of 4376 Anopheles larvae were collected. Five species and two morphological forms were found which include Anopheles superpictus Grassi form A (76.3%), A. dthali Patton (9.7%), A.turkhudi Liston (8.5%), A. marteri Senevet and Prunelle (4%), A. superpictus Grassi form B (1.1%) and A. apoci Marsh (0.4%). In these districts, anopheline larval activity began in early May and ended in early November. In this paper, the characteristics of larval habitats of any species have been discussed separately.
Conclusion : The main larval habitats of important vector of the region, A. superpictus, were determined river sides, stream margins and rice fields. The findings of this research can be used to manage control of vectors.


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