Comparing Diagnostic Ability of Basic Emotional States in Children with High Performance Autism Disorder with Normal Peers

AUTHORS

fatemeh jalili 1 , * , Hadi Bahrami 2 , vahid nejati 3

1 Phd Student of General Psychology, School of Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.

2 Professor of Psychology, School of Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

How to Cite: jalili F, Bahrami H, nejati V. Comparing Diagnostic Ability of Basic Emotional States in Children with High Performance Autism Disorder with Normal Peers, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2012 ; 14(2):e93579.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 14 (2); e93579
Published Online: February 12, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 22, 2011
Accepted: June 22, 2011
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Abstract

Background: Study on weaknesses and diagnostic strategies of autistic children in social interactions as well as how we can diagnose different emotions in the face may be an efficient step towards their therapy and communication improvement. The objective of this study was to compare diagnostic ability of basic emotions in children with high-performance autism with normal peers.

Materials and Method: In this comparative profile study, two groups of 16 individuals: children with high-performance autistic disorder and their normal peers were selected by available sample method in terms of age, sex and life location. Neuropsychology diagnostic test of different emotions in Benton face (changed version) was used to determine diagnostic ability of emotions (happy, sad and angry). Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software and descriptive statistics and t-test were done for both independent groups.

Results: Results showed that the ability of both tested groups is equal in diagnosing emotional states of joy, anger and neutral condition in face while viewing face picture and there was not any significant difference between groups but in diagnosing emotional grief state, the performance of autistics is lower and there was significant difference with normal peer group.

Conclusion: The autistic children with high function are equal in ability with normal children in case of recognizing the happiness, anger and neutral facial excitement. However, they are less competent in recognizing the sadness and facial excitement than normal children. [ZJRMS, 2012 14(2): 39-44]

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  • © 2012, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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