The Effect of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) on Reduction of Psychological Symptoms among Patients with Cancer

AUTHORS

Farhad Kahrazei 1 , * , Esmat Danesh 2 , Alireza Hydarzadegan 3

1 Assistant professor of psychology, School of Educational and Psychology, Sistan and Balochestan University, Zahedan, Iran.

2 Associate professor of psychology, School of Educational and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Assistant professor of Educational management, School of Educational and Psychology, Sistan and Balochestan University, Zahedan, Iran.

How to Cite: Kahrazei F, Danesh E, Hydarzadegan A. The Effect of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) on Reduction of Psychological Symptoms among Patients with Cancer, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2012 ; 14(2):e93602.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 14 (2); e93602
Published Online: December 19, 2011
Article Type: Short Communication
Received: May 21, 2011
Accepted: June 08, 2011
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Abstract

Background: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) on the psychological symptoms among patients with cancer.

Materials and Method: The design of the study is quasi-experimental with pretest, post-test with a control group. 30 patients were randomly allocated into two groups: experimental group (15 patients) and control group (15 patients). The independent variable was cognitive-behavioral therapy which was administrated in 9 sessions on the experimental group while there was no psychological treatment for the control group. The research instrument was SCL-90-R. The data was analyzed using covariance analysis.

Results: Cognitive-behavioral therapy led to reduction in psychological symptoms in all dimensions of SCL-90-R variables among patients of experimental group.

Conclusion: It may also be used as a supplement method enhancing standard oncological treatment and improving the physician-patient relationship. [ZJRMS, 2012 14(2): 112-116]

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  • © 2012, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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