The Relation of Knowledge, Attitude and Self-Management Behaviors in Asthmatic Patients with Controlling Asthma

AUTHORS

S. Saeed Mazloomi 1 , ashraf abbacimoghaddam 2 , * , Mohammad A. Saba 3 , Mohammad A. Morovati 4 , Hossein Fallahzadeh 4

1 Professor of Health Education, School of Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

2 MSc of Health Education, School of Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.

4 Professor of Health Education, School of Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

How to Cite: Mazloomi S S, abbacimoghaddam A, Saba M A, Morovati M A, Fallahzadeh H. The Relation of Knowledge, Attitude and Self-Management Behaviors in Asthmatic Patients with Controlling Asthma , Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2012 ; 14(1):e93672.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 14 (1); e93672
Published Online: May 26, 2011
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 09, 2011
Accepted: February 15, 2011
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Abstract

Background: Incidence of asthma is 5.5% in Iran. Patients with asthma need frequent self-management in order to control the symptoms maintaining natural lung activity. The aim of this study is to study the effective factors of self-management behaviors, and its relation with controlling asthma in asthmatic patients in Kashan.

  Materials and Method: Simple sampling was employed to recruit 102 asthmatic patients referring to asthmatic therapeutic centers of Kashan, Iran. A descriptive, cross-sectional design was conducted and the data were collected using a survey questionnaire based on knowledge and attitude factors and self-management behavior constructions and asthma control test. SPSS software for Windows was used for analyzing data (t -test, ANOVA , correlation and regression).

  Results: The respondents acquired 46.8% of total asthma knowledge score, 82.2% of attitude score. Respondents with acquisition 57.7% of total asthma self-management behavior score placed in middle class. The acquired score in asthma control is low class (40.28%). Negative relation between knowledge and asthma control was observed.

  Conclusion: The results showed that if the situation of knowledge and attitude factors are better, the self-management behaviors in asthmatic patients will be better and if the situation self-management behavior be better, asthma control will be better, too. Negative relation between knowledge and asthma control needs more researches . [ZJRMS, 2012 14(1): 49-55 ]

 

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  • © 2012, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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