A comparative study of different doses of dexamethasone on postoperative nausea and vomiting following anesthesia for cataract surgery

AUTHORS

Shahram Amini 1 , * , Assadallah Kaykhaee 2 , Fariba Azmoon 3

1 Associate Professor of Anesthesiology, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Zahedan, Iran.

2 Instructor Professor of Anesthesiology, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Zahedan, Iran.

3 General Physician, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Zahedan, Iran. Please

How to Cite: Amini S, Kaykhaee A, Azmoon F. A comparative study of different doses of dexamethasone on postoperative nausea and vomiting following anesthesia for cataract surgery, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2011 ; 13(5):e93906.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 13 (5); e93906
Published Online: May 26, 2011
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 12, 2010
Accepted: October 12, 2010
READ FULL TEXT

Abstract

Background: Postoperative nausea (PONV) and vomiting is the most common complication after surgery that might prolong discharge time and cause some morbidity. Dexamethasone can effectively reduce PONV. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of different doses of dexamethasone on PONV.

Materials and Method: In a double blind clinical study we investigated the efficacy of three doses of dexamethasone (0.1mg/kg0.3mg/kg‚0.5mg /kg) in ASA class I or II patients randomly allocated into three groups for cataract surgery. The patients were tracked for the frequency of development of PONV in the recovery room and the ward and were compared accordingly. 

Results: The patients were similar with respect to demographic parameters and duration of anesthesia. PONV occurred in 4%‚ 4% and 6% in patients in the 0.1mg/kg‚ 0.3mg/kg and 0.5mg/kg group, respectively (p= 0.577)

Conclusion: We concluded that lower doses of dexamethasone could reduce PONV as much as higher doses. We suggest the lowest dose to reduce both the cost and side effects.

Fulltext

The full text of this article is available on the PDF file.

References

  • 1.

    The References of this article are available on the PDF file.

  • © 2011, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
    COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: