Application of life table in survival analysis of patients with bladder cancer

AUTHORS

Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi 1 , * , Abbas Rezaeian Zadeh 2 , hamid reza tabatabaee 2

1 Instructor of Epidmiology, School of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Qom, Iran.

2 Asistant Professor of Epidmiology, School of Health and Nutrition, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Shiraz, Iran.

How to Cite: Mohammadbeigi A, Rezaeian Zadeh A, tabatabaee H R. Application of life table in survival analysis of patients with bladder cancer, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2011 ; 13(3):e94011.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 13 (3); e94011
Published Online: April 12, 2011
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 29, 2010
Accepted: October 19, 2010
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Abstract

Background: Bladder cancer is the fourth most common malignancy in men and the eighth most common in women. It causes 8% of all malignancies in men and 3% of all malignancies in women. The trend of bladder cancer increasing in Iran. This study was conducted to estimate the survival rate of bladder cancer based on life table method.

Materials and Method: In this study, at first, data were collected based on individual variables of 514 patients suffering from bladder cancer and referred them to cancer registry center of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences from 2001-2009. Data were collected at two stages and analyzed by life table method and Wilcox on test. Significant level considered at 0.05.

Results: Our findings showed that probability of survival accumulation at the end of 1, 3,5,10 years in patients with bladder cancer were equal to 0.8989, 0.7132, 0.5752 and 0.2459 respectively. There was significant difference in survival rate among age groups and treatment types (p<0.05). However, we did not observe any difference in survival time based on smoking (p=0.578), alcohol (p=0.419) and education level (p=0.371) of patients.

Conclusion: The overall survival rate of bladder cancer in the present study was less than other areas. Patients’ age and treatment type were the influential factor in survival time. So continuous screening for early diagnosis suggested for older people.

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  • © 2011, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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