The cognitive approach on self-confidence of the girl students with academic failure


omolbanin sheibani 1 , * , Mahnaz Akhavan-Tafti 2

1 Instructor of Educational Psychology, School of Psychology, Payam-e-Noor University, Yazd Branch, Yazd, Iran.

2 Associate Professor of Educational Sciences, School of Psychology, Al-Zahra University, Tehran, Iran.

How to Cite: sheibani O, Akhavan-Tafti M. The cognitive approach on self-confidence of the girl students with academic failure, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2011 ; 12(5):e94227.


Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 12 (5); e94227
Published Online: September 14, 2010
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 31, 2009
Accepted: February 23, 2010


Background : The consequences of behavior attributed to external factors as chance, luck or help of other people are effective on one's self confidence and educational improvement. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of teaching “locus of control” on the basis of cognitive approach on Yazd high school students' self confidence.

  Materials and Method : This descriptive analytic research is done as an experimental project by using pre-test and post-test method on 15 first-grade high school students in Yazd city during 1387-88 educational year. The participants were chosen by the multistage cluster random sampling. Fifteen students were also chosen as the control group. The instruments used in this research were Eysenk self confidence test and also the “locus of control” teaching program. A t-test was used for the statistical analysis of the present study.

  Results: The results of the statistical analyses showed that there is a significant difference between the experimental and control group (p=0.01) in increasing the self confidence. Also the results of the t-test revealed that there is no significant difference in the educational improvement of the experimental group before and after teaching “locus of control”.

  Conclusion : According to this study, teaching “locus of control” on the basis of the cognitive approach has a significant effect on the self confidence but it doesn't have any positive effect on educational improvement.


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