Study of the effects of Behavioral Intention Model education on reducing the cesarean rate among pregnant women of Khomeiny-Shahr, Isfahan, in 2006

AUTHORS

Zohreh Fathian 1 , * , B Zeighami 2 , Akbar Hasanzade 1 , Zahra Fathian 1

1 M.Sc. in health education, Health Service Center of Khomeiny-Shahr, Isfahan, Iran

2 Dept of Mediacl Health Services, Faculty of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences and health services Isfahan, Iran.

How to Cite: Fathian Z, Zeighami B, Hasanzade A, Fathian Z. Study of the effects of Behavioral Intention Model education on reducing the cesarean rate among pregnant women of Khomeiny-Shahr, Isfahan, in 2006, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2007 ; 9(2):e94808.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 9 (2); e94808
Published Online: June 17, 2007
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 06, 2007
Accepted: June 11, 2007
READ FULL TEXT

Abstract

Background: The cesarean section rate is very high and is increasing in most countries
including Iran. Being a major surgery, the cesarean section may have dangerous side effects and
even can be rarely fetal. During recent years, in most developed countries there have been many
attempts to reduce the cesarean rate using education and other interfering methods. In our country
it seems that the efforts with this regard have not been significant. The goal of the present study was
to evaluate the effects of Behavioral Intention Model (BIM) education on reducing the cesarean
rate among pregnant women.
Methods and Materials: In this interventional study, 140 women at their first-time pregnancy
and in 3rd trimester, where chosen in the winter of 2005, using simple random sampling method;
they were divided into case and control groups. After pretest using a questionnaire in both groups,
BIM was employed for the test group, followed by a post test performance in both groups. The
collected data were analyzed by T-paired, independent T & chi-square methods.
Results: The results showed significant differences between case and control groups in the level
of knowledge, evaluation of results, attitude & behaviors (p<0.001)
Conclusion: According to the results, it can be concluded that BIM is effective on increasing or
improving the knowledge, evaluation of results, attitude, strengthening the intention and behavior
of the pregnant women. It is, therefore, suggested to use this method and other systematic education
for pregnant women to decrease the rate of unnecessary cesarean.

Fulltext

The full text of this article is available on the PDF file.

References

  • 1.

    The References of this article are available on the PDF file.

  • © 2007, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
    COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: