Evaluation the cooling gelpad and ice pack on wound healing and intensity perineal pain after episiotomy in primparous women

AUTHORS

Shahin dokht Navabi rigi 1 , * , Z Abedian 2 , M Poorjavad 3 , HA Esmaeli 4

1 Dept. of Midwifery, Faculty of Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan , Iran.

2 Dept. of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences Services, Mashhad, Iran.

3 Dept. of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

4 Dept. of Biostatics, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

How to Cite: Navabi rigi S D, Abedian Z, Poorjavad M, Esmaeli H. Evaluation the cooling gelpad and ice pack on wound healing and intensity perineal pain after episiotomy in primparous women, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2007 ; 9(1):e94824.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 9 (1); e94824
Published Online: February 10, 2007
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 22, 2006
Accepted: January 09, 2007
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Abstract

Background: Episiotomy occuring during delivery can be a source of serious short and long term
morbidity. So a delay in healing can also increase the duration of perineal pain. Nowadays
attention has recently focused on maternal morbidity and improving diagnosis and treatment of
perineal injury following childbirth. So, this study was done to evaluate the effectiveness of cold
therapy in two patient groups (gel pad and ice pack) and compare them with control group in term
of wound healing and intensity perineal pain after episiotomy in primparous women who gave
birth at Hazrat Ommolbanin University Maternity Hospital in Mashhad-Iran from October 2005 to
February 2006.
Methods and material: In this randomized controlled trial, 121 healthy primparous women with
include and exclude criteria which underwent normal delivery with episiotomy were chosen in the
two cold therapy groups(gel pad and ice pack) and one control group. Evaluation of wound healing
with REEDA scale and evaluation of intensity pain with numeric scale (NRS) (0-10) during the first
4 hours and on 1st,2nd,5th,10th days after episiotomy and evaluation of satisfaction of women from
analgesia at 10th day were conducted.
Data were analysed by statistic methods with chi-square, kruskal Wallis. Mann-withney u,
jonckheere trepstra, analysis variance and exact tests with software spss.
Results: The results showed a statistically significant difference in the wound healing in 2nd day
(P<0.001), 5th day (P<0.001) and 10th day (P<0.001) and intensity perineal pain in 3 the groups at
first 4 hours (P=0.003) and 10th day (P=0.044) after episiotomy. Also satisfactory was in favor of
the maternity gel pad group.
Conclusion: Using to maternity gelpad is effective in reducing perineal morbidity. So it suggested
as a complementary treatment in clinical services and is a comfirmation to the correct and invasive
treatment and can be an acheivement in promoting health level and also, women’s satisfaction.

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  • © 2007, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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