Contamination rate of trichomonas vaginalis in females referring to Taamin Ejtemayi hospitals in Hamedan in 2005

AUTHORS

Reza Habibipour 1 , * , A Amirkhani 2 , N Matinnia 1

1 Nursery Dept, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery Education, Hamedan Azad University, Hamedan, Iran.

2 Epidemiology Dept, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

How to Cite: Habibipour R, Amirkhani A, Matinnia N. Contamination rate of trichomonas vaginalis in females referring to Taamin Ejtemayi hospitals in Hamedan in 2005, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2006 ; 8(4):e94881.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 8 (4); e94881
Published Online: December 26, 2006
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 16, 2006
Accepted: December 20, 2006
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Abstract

Background: Trichomoniasis is a protozoan infection in lower urinary reproductive tract in
males and females. It usually takes place in the fertility period in women and is transmitted through
sexual inter course. To do this experiment, many females, referring to Taamin Ejtemayi hospital in
Hamedan in 2005, were sampled among females for yearly cancer –test and smear, and then
educated people under the supervision of the researchers examined the samples.
Material and methods: In this study 400 females were selected in an improbable way and through
simple sampling in the second half of 2005, and were examined by wet mount and culture
procedure. Meanwhile, a questionnaire including questions pertaining to personal, social and
hygienical status was administered and analyzed, using Epi 2000 statistical software.
Results: on prevalence rates, using wet mount and culture procedure were 2٪ and 3٪ respecti vely, and
it was found that the highest percent of infection belonged to people aged 26-35, furthermore, rural areas
were more infected than urban areas, however, it was not significant statistically. Among the women
in the childbearing age, there was no statistically significant difference in terms of education and
profession. It was also found that the number of pregnancies had no effect of on the rate of infection
but using intravaginal contraceptive devices can increase the rate of infection.
Conclusion: In this study, it was found that the prevalence rate in culture procedure is 1% more
than direct procedure and that this procedure is more sensitive than direct procedure. Since proper
diagnosis is the basis for correct treatment , it is recommended to use a culture procedure in cases,
which a direct procedure turns out to be negative.

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