Comparison of the cognition status of patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective


N mokhber 1 , *

1 Psychology dept, Faculty of medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences and health services, Mashhad, Iran.

How to Cite: mokhber N. Comparison of the cognition status of patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2006 ; 8(3):e94888.


Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 8 (3); e94888
Published Online: September 18, 2006
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 22, 2006
Accepted: September 02, 2006


Background: Schizophrenia and schizoaffective are chronic psychiatric disorders that decrease
cognitive ability. In this study we examined the cognitive problem in patients with these disorders.
Method and Material: This study is a descriptive- analysis research conducted 309 men
hospitalized in Ebne-Sina hospital in Mashhad, including 195 paranoid schizophrenia and 114
schizoaffective (Bipolar type).All the patients underwent the MMSE test with 6 domains; then the
results were analyzed.
Results: Cognitive impairment in Schizophrenic patients was more significant than
schizoaffective patients (P =0.04) particularly in speech and motoric aspects (P = 0.032).
Conclusion: Speech and motoric skills in schizophrenic patients get badly damaged; therefore,
paying attention to this cognitive impairment in the process of treatment is necessary.
Schizoaffective patients have less cognitive impairment but they suffer from attention insufficiency
and calculation problems. This difference could be a root for ethiological differences.


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