Prevalence of crown fracture of the permanent maxillary incisors in primary school pupils in Zahedan in 2003-2004

AUTHORS

H Noorollahian 1 , * , A Moghaddas 2

1 Pedodontics Dept, Faculty of Dentistry, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.

2 Dentist, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.

How to Cite: Noorollahian H, Moghaddas A. Prevalence of crown fracture of the permanent maxillary incisors in primary school pupils in Zahedan in 2003-2004, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2006 ; 8(3):e94892.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 8 (3); e94892
Published Online: August 14, 2006
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 04, 2006
Accepted: July 04, 2006
READ FULL TEXT

Abstract

Background: Crown fracture of maxillary incisors is the common injury which can lead to
unfavorable psycological effects on both children and their parents. Moreover, it can create a
malocclusion. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of crown fracture of maxillary
incisors in primary school pupils in Zahedan.
Methods and Materials: In this cross – sectional descriptive study, data were gathered through
questionnaire, interview and clinical examination in 2190 school children,(1219 girls and 971
boys). The samples were chosen by a simple random method from five geographical areas in
Zahedan. The data were analyzed using SPSS software and χ2 test.
Results: The Prevalence of crown fracture in the studied group was 11.8%
(95% CI: 10.5%-13.3%) with no significant difference between boys and girls. The highest
frequency of trauma was observed in the 11 year age group. Falls were the major sources of
trauma (44%) and the maxillary central incisors were the most affected. (P<0/05)
Conclusions: The prevalence of crown fracture of the permanent maxillary incisors in primary
schoolchildren in Zahedan was 11/8%. Therefore, provision of information to the children and
parents and school staff about the importance of early management and ways of preventing dental
trauma is essential.

Fulltext

The full text of this article is available on the PDF file.

References

  • 1.

    The References of this article are available on the PDF file.

  • © 2006, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
    COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: