Efficacy of AIDS prevention training program on knowledge, attitude and practice of Chabahar sailors, Iran

AUTHORS

Iraj Zareban 1 , * , AR Heidarnia 2 , Fateme Rakhshani 3 , H Jabbari 4 , A Abdollahi-Mohammad 5

1 Public Health Dept, Faculty of Health, Zabol University of Medical Science and Health services, Zabol, Iran.

2 Public Health Dept, Faculty of Health, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Public Health Dept, Faculty of Health, Zahedan University of Medical Science and Health services, Zahedan, Iran.

4 Research Center of Gastroenterology and Liver Disease, Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tehran, Iran.

5 Nursing Dept, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery Education, Zabol University of Medical Science and health services, Zabol, Iran.

How to Cite: Zareban I, Heidarnia A, Rakhshani F, Jabbari H, Abdollahi-Mohammad A. Efficacy of AIDS prevention training program on knowledge, attitude and practice of Chabahar sailors, Iran, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2006 ; 8(1):e94915.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 8 (1); e94915
Published Online: March 27, 2006
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 28, 2005
Accepted: March 24, 2006
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Abstract

Background: AIDS is one of the epidemic diseases around the world and in the developing
countries in particular. To define the pattern of transmission of AIDS in the southern regions of
Sistan-va-Baluchestan province namely Chabahar this research was done on Chabahar sailors
traveling regularly between Chabahar and overseas.
Material and Methods: This research is a Quasi-Experimental study carried out with 130
participants. Questionnaires were used as the data collection tool. Questionnaires were completed
to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of the sailors about AIDS. Then training programs
including the educational materials, lectures, face to face discussions, and educational films were
presented. Knowledge, attitude and practice of the sailors were evaluated for the second time two
months after the educational programs. The data were analyzed according to suitable statistical
methods.
Results: 21% of sailors had history of sexual intercourse while residing in abroad; and our
health educational programs promoted knowledge (27.74 vs. 36.33), attitude (29.45 vs. 42.48) and
practice (23.91 vs. 30.45) significantly.
Conclusion: Use different educational methods for improvement of knowledge, attitude, and
practice of sailors (as a high risk group) have to be considered seriously and by health managers.

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  • © 2006, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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