Role of glutaminergic receptors in the rostral ventromedial medulla on antinociceptive effect of gabapentin in rat

AUTHORS

Abbas Haghparast 1 , * , M Mobasher 2

1 Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Kerman, Iran

2 Neuroscience Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Kerman, Iran

How to Cite: Haghparast A, Mobasher M. Role of glutaminergic receptors in the rostral ventromedial medulla on antinociceptive effect of gabapentin in rat, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2006 ; 8(1):e94918.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 8 (1); e94918
Published Online: March 28, 2006
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 22, 2005
Accepted: March 25, 2006
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Abstract

Background: Rostroventromedial medulla (RVM) is the most principal source of serotoninergic
neurons to the dorsal horn of the spinal cord and it has important role in pain modulation.
Rostroventromedial medulla neurons have glutaminergic receptors. Gabapentin is a novel
anticonvulsant drug, which has antinociceptive used. Therefore, in the present study, we
investigated the role of glutaminergic receptors in rostroventromedial medulla as an important
supraspinal center, on antinociceptive effect of gabaoentin in rat.
Methods and Materials: In this study, 56 NMRI male rats weighing 250-300 gr has been used.
Surgical procedure and rostroventromedial medulla cannulation was done in stereotaxic apparatus
for intranuclear injection of DNQX (1μg/μl saline) and/or MK-801 (6μg/μl saline) into this area as
non-NMDA and NMDA antagonists, respectively. Animals were divided to 7 groups as Intact,
Sham-operated, Gabepentin, DNQX, Gabapentin+ DNQX, MK-801 and Gabapentin+MK-801.
Gabapentin was injected intraperitoneally (75mg/kg). Then tail-flick latency was recorded for 30
min in 5 min-intervals by tail flick analgesiometer. We used maximal possible effect of drug as an
index for its analgesic effect.
Results: Gabapentin increases tail flick latency (5.86 ± 0.2 Sec) and maximal possible effect
(32.64% ± 5.35) in compared to control group (3.81 ± 0.26 Sec). On the other hand, DNQX and/or
MK-801 microinjection in combination with gabapentin, decreased tail flick latency (5.48 ± 0.36
and 4.85 ± 0.26 Sec, respectively) as compared to gabapentin group.
Conclusions: These findings have been shown that a part of antinociceptive action of gabapentin
is done through the rosroventromedial medulla. DNQX inhibits non-NMDA receptors in this area
and activates its descending pathways to the dorsal horn of the spinal cord. Therefore, gabapentin
can not be affected on the spinal cord and so, analgesic action of gabapentin is reduced. MK-801
inhibits NMDA receptors in rosroventromedial medulla and it also decreased analgesic effect of
gabapentin. It’s possible that gabapentin enhances glutamate release and activates NMDA
receptors in the rosroventromedial medulla.

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  • © 2006, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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