Beta hemolytic group A Streptococcal drug resistant to penicillin among asymptomatic carriers

AUTHORS

F Nabipoor 1 , * , MA Tayarzadeh 2

1 Pathology Dept, Faculty of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Science and Health services, Kerman, Iran.

2 Histology Dept, Faculty of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Science and Health services, Kerman, Iran.

How to Cite: Nabipoor F, Tayarzadeh M. Beta hemolytic group A Streptococcal drug resistant to penicillin among asymptomatic carriers, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2005 ; 7(2):e94950.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 7 (2); e94950
Published Online: June 23, 2005
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 30, 2004
Accepted: June 20, 2005
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Abstract

Background: Streptococci group A is most frequently isolated pathogen in the cases of acute
pharyngitis and pharyngotonsilitis in school-aged children. It’s Dangerous complication such as
rheumatic fever and glomerulonephritis increase the necessity of diagnosis and timely treatment.
The aim of this study was, determination of the frequency of streptococci carriers in group A in
junior secondary school in Kerman.
Methods and Materials: In this cross-sectional study conducted by random sampling, a total of 200
students aged 11 to 15 were included in the study. These students must have no symptom or sign of
upper respiratory tract infection and not used any antibiotics in the previous two weeks.
Results: The prevalence of beta hemolytic streptococci group A carriers in all age groups was
28.5%. After doing antibiogram test, it was revealed that all of them were sensitive to Vancomycin,
Erythromycin and Cephalotin and reversely, resistance to penicillin.
Conclusions: Our data suggest that incorrect use of these antibiotics increases the chronic
carrier state of group A Streptococcal pharyngitis in our community.

Keywords

Antibiotics Streptococcal carriers Group A beta hemolytic streptococcus Background: Streptococci group A is most frequently isolated pathogen in the cases of acute pharyngitis and pharyngotonsilitis in school-aged children. It’s Dangerous complication such as rheumatic fever and glomerulonephritis increase the necessity of diagnosis and timely treatment. The aim of this study was determination of the frequency of streptococci carriers in group A in junior secondary school in Kerman. Methods and Materials: In this cross-sectional study conducted by random sampling a total of 200 students aged 11 to 15 were included in the study. These students must have no symptom or sign of upper respiratory tract infection and not used any antibiotics in the previous two weeks. Results: The prevalence of beta hemolytic streptococci group A carriers in all age groups was 28.5%. After doing antibiogram test it was revealed that all of them were sensitive to Vancomycin Erythromycin and Cephalotin and reversely resistance to penicillin. Conclusions: Our data suggest that incorrect use of these antibiotics increases the chronic carrier state of group A Streptococcal pharyngitis in our community.

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  • © 2005, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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