A case report: Congo- Hemorrhagic Fever with intra cerebral hemorrhage

AUTHORS

Maliheh Metanat 1 , * , Roya Alavi-Naini 1 , Ali Moghtaderi 2

1 Tropical and Infectious disease dept, Faculty of medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and health services, Zahedan, Iran.

2 Neurology dept, Faculty of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and health services, Zahedan, Iran.

How to Cite: Metanat M , Alavi-Naini R , Moghtaderi A. A case report: Congo- Hemorrhagic Fever with intra cerebral hemorrhage, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2003 ; 5(3):e95164.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 5 (3); e95164
Published Online: September 28, 2003
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 18, 2003
Accepted: September 24, 2003
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Abstract

Crimean - Congo Hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a viral hemorrhagic fever of the Nairovirus
group. It infects humans principally by the bite of Hyaloma ticks. Highly infectious blood and
tissues also has caused several alarming nosocomial hospital outbreaks. Most of the infected cases
are sub clinical (80%). The mortality rate of fulminate CCHF is about 20 – 50%.
The disease presents itself as a severe hemorrhagic fever. Hematemesis, melena, epistaxis and
subcutaneous hemorrhage are different types of bleeding during the disease.
Neurologic complications include encephalitis, optic neuropathy and intracerebral hematoma.
We report a 20 - year old male with CCHF and extensive intracerebral hematoma who improved
within 1 month after treatment. To the best of author’s knowledge this is the first case of CCHF
with intracerebral hematoma.

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