A study on hypertension in Zabol population over 18 years old

AUTHORS

MR Goodarzi 1 , * , MR Ghanbari 2 , M Badakhsh 3 , N Masinaei Nezhad 4 , M Abbas Zadeh 5

1 Nursing dept, Zabol faculty of medical sciences and health services, Zabol, Iran.

2 Social medicine dept, Faculty of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and health services, Zahedan, Iran.

3 Midwifery dept, Zabol faculty of Medical sciences and health services, Zabol, Iran.

4 Nursing dept, Zabol faculty of medical sciences and health services, Zabol, Iran

5 Health dept, Zabol faculty of Medical sciences and health services, Zabol, Iran.

How to Cite: Goodarzi M, Ghanbari M, Badakhsh M, Masinaei Nezhad N, Abbas Zadeh M. A study on hypertension in Zabol population over 18 years old, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2002 ; 4(4):e95317.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 4 (4); e95317
Published Online: December 24, 2002
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 01, 2002
Accepted: December 16, 2002
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Abstract

Hypertension is an important health problem in developing countries. This research is a
descriptive study that determine prevalence rate of hypertension in Zabol age is 18-over year.
A number of 1530 cases, including 841 (55%) females and 689 (45%) males were selected by
random stratified cluster sampling. Based on definition of JNC-VI &WHO systole BP>140
mm Hg and diastole BP>90 mm Hg in more there two intermittent time with 3 days interval or
who, s taken anti hypertensive medication is considered as hypertension. BP recorded in two
positions (Dorsal and sitting position) from both left and right arms and High BP considered
as constant BP. At first time in addition to BP, height and weight were also measured. Them 3
days interval BP second and third stages measured. Data collecting invalided to risk factors
and physical Examination completed by questionnaire. Based on this study, prevalence of
hypertension was 15% in females, 12.5% in males and 13.9% in the studied whole population.
Prevalence age adjusted 13.4% in females, 11.09% in males and total case population was
12.24%. The results showed that 36% of females, 52% of males and 44% of total case
population were un aware of their illness. Chi- square test with 99% coefficient of certainty
showed significant difference between hypertension, obesity and age. However, significant
differences was seen between hypertension and sex. The results showed that the hypertension
risk is consider in society, there fore population screening with concern to hypertension,
teaching people and modifying their life style is recommended.

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  • © 2002, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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