Opioid misuse and its predisposing factors in patients with pain

AUTHORS

Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar 1 , * , Fateme Rakhshani 2 , Mehdi Mohammadi 3 , AR Sadjadi 4 , A Rahimi-Movaghar 5

1 Neurosurgery dept, Faculty of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and health services, Zahedan, Iran.

2 Public health dept, Faculty of Health, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and health services, Zahedan, Iran.

3 Epidemiology and Statistics dept, Faculty of Health, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and health services, Zahedan, Iran.

4 Psychiatry dept, Faculty of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and health services, Zahedan, Iran.

5 Psychiatry dept, National Research Center of Medical Sciences of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

How to Cite: Rahimi-Movaghar V, Rakhshani F, Mohammadi M, Sadjadi A, Rahimi-Movaghar A. Opioid misuse and its predisposing factors in patients with pain, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2002 ; 4(4):e95319.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 4 (4); e95319
Published Online: December 16, 2002
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 02, 2002
Accepted: December 10, 2002
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Abstract

To determine prevalence of opioid misuse and its predisposing factors in-patients with pain in the
10 clinics of Zahedan. Four hundred and eighty consecutive patients with complain of pain were
included in a descriptive analytical cross-sectional study and asked by uniform questionnaire about
opioid misuse and its 18 suspicious associated factors between January 1999 and May 1999. The
data were analyzed by standard procedures including Chi square, T test, confidence interval, odds
ratio, and multivariate and logistic regression analysis. Prevalence of opioid misuse was 28.5% inpatients
presenting with pain. There was no significant relation between opioid misuse and chronic
pain, but there were significant relationship between opioid misuse and the following five factors by
logistic regression analysis, respectively: 1. Previous opioid misuse by friends 2. Type of ccupation
3. Cigarette smoking 4. Neuro-psychiatric consultation 5. Death of spouse. There is high
prevalence of opioid misuse in-patients who complain of pain in Zahedan. It is recommended to
educate associated factors of opioid misuse to the society and to who are responsible to promote
health, and support high-risk groups.

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References

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  • © 2002, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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