Common Allergens in patients with Allergic disorders in Zahedan

AUTHORS

Hossein Ali Khazaei 1 , * , SR Hashemi 2 , A Aghamohammadi 3 , AH Farhoudi 3 , N Rezaei 3

1 Immunology and Hematology dept, faculty of medicine, Zahedan University of medical sciences and health Services, Zahedan, Iran.

2 Internal disease dept, faculty of medicine, Zahedan University of medical sciences and health services, Zahedan, Iran.

3 Immunology and Pediatric Allergic Center dept, faculty of medicine, Tehran University of medical sciences and health services, Tehran, Iran.

How to Cite: Khazaei H A, Hashemi S, Aghamohammadi A, Farhoudi A, Rezaei N. Common Allergens in patients with Allergic disorders in Zahedan, Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2002 ; 4(3):e95324.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: 4 (3); e95324
Published Online: September 10, 2002
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 01, 2002
Accepted: August 08, 2002
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Abstract

Allergens cause different sign and symptoms in patients with allergic disorders. In order to
determine the common allergens among patients with allergic disorders in Zahedan City, center of
Sistan-Blouchestan province, this study was performed.
Eight hundred and ninety-four patients who referred to Immunology and Allergy Medical Center
of Khatam Hospital during 36 months period (2000-2003) was studied. Skin-prick tests (SPTs) to
common allergens were performed in all of the patients.
Eight hundred and ninety-four patients (382 male and 512 female), aged 2-70 years, had allergic
disorders. The most frequent allergic disease was rhinitis, seen in 481 patients (53.8%). The other
common disorders were asthma in 215 patients (24.1%), and urticaria in 137 cases (15.3%).
Among the SPT-positive patients, a positive prick test reaction to the house dust mites (86.4%),
Feathers (75.5%), and Aspergillus (51.1%) was most common, followed by Cladosporium (39.8%),
Alternaria (37.9%), Trees (37.7%), Penicillium (36.6%), Weeds (34.9%), and Fruits (31.2%). Also,
23.8% of the subjects were sensitized to Grasses in the prick test, Hen's egg (21.8%), Walnut (16.7),
Cow's milk (14.4%), Beef meat (11.6%), and Hazel nut (8.6%) accounting for other positive
reactions.
The prevalence of common allergens especially mite allergen is high among patients with
allergic disorders in Zahedan.

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References

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  • © 2002, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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